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« Immaculate Jack Of All Trades | Main | Catholic Church Prepares Election Monitors »

Friday, 06 April 2007

Comments

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Ma Mary

Post, please use the English language. It is Mrs not Mme or Madame.

In English Madam is a female pimp, an woman who runs a house of prostitution, and surely that is not what you mean.

Ms, Mrs, Miss only in English. This frananglais contagion should stop at your door.

Danny Boy

Ma Mary,
for once I will disagree with you. I have looked at the story above, and can not find the use of the word "madam" in reference to anybody.
I am a stickler for etiquette, but not a dictator. PC, yes, but a strong advocate of freedom of expression.
Is the story is so trite to warrant any comment?

mk the southerner

This center is 100% a reproacher of the Southern Cameroons stat. This is just exactly what we have been reduced to or even worst. There are so many of these situations allover the Southern Cameroons. Look at our independence monument it took a long cry by the SCNC for that monument to be at least cleared of the bush surrounding it. To these frogs that monument should have been dogged off and history forgotten.
My dear country men by saying no to any elections in the Southern Cameroons is renovating the Southern Cameroons is renovating this building and others, is renovating the destiny of your children. Thank you God Bless Southern Cameroons. Mk the Southerner

Tchouteu Janvier

Ernest Sumelong's usage of Madame or Madam is right.

Madam can be used in English as a ritle of respect when speaking to or of an older woman, especially a woman of distinction, who is not of American or British origin.

Madam is a polite term of address to a woman, especially to a woman of rank or authority. eg Madam President, Madam MP etc. Its usage is also used for the woman in charge of a household, e.g Can I speak to Madam please. That is why we all grew up talking of "Our Madam", referring to our female teachers in school. Well, Madam usage in reference of a woman who is in charge of a house of prostitution is known, though not popular in many English speaking cultures.

So it is okay to use words with perceivable foreign origins if they are internationally accepted. A lot of words we use are borrowed from other languages. So there is no need to fuss about it.


Tchouteu Janvier

Ernest Sumelong's usage of Madame or Madam is right.

Madame can be used in English as a title of respect when speaking to or of an older woman, especially a woman of distinction, who is not of American or British origin.

Madam is a polite term of address to a woman, especially to a woman of rank or authority. eg Madam President, Madam MP etc. Its usage is also for a woman who is incharge of a household, e.g Can I speak to Madam please? That is why we all grew up talking of "Our Madam", referring to our female teachers in school. Well, the usage of the word Madam in reference to a woman who is in charge of a house of prostitution is known, though not popular in many English speaking cultures.

So it is okay to use words with perceivable foreign origins if they are internationally accepted. A lot of words we use are borrowed from other languages. So there is no need to fuss about it. All languages borrow from one another, especially in this modern cosmopolitan and globalised world.

Ekone'kupe

Janvier and Ma Mary are both correct. Ma Mary's contention is that the French madame, abbreviated Mme has been appropriated in english-speaking Cameroon as if there is no english equivalent for that word. And she is very correct. Mrs. Ndoko (rather than Mme Ndoko) would be the appropriate way to refer to the lady in charge here. If we wanted to use Janvier's preference, we could simply refer to the lady as Madam Chief of Service. It is Madam Speaker, not madame (Mme) Speaker for the leader of the US congress. She is also called Mrs. Pelosi, not Madam (Mme) Pelosi.

Fon

Ma Mary comment is completely irrelevant and misleading. Madam as a woman incharge of a brothel is just one of the different meanings of madam. On the other hand Madame is also an English word borrowed from the french language and refers to a French-speaking woman. Can Ma mary prove that Mrs. Ndoko completely does not speak French? If Mrs. Ndoko speaks French, then "Mme Ndoko" as used by the post does not violate the rules of Engish in any way.

Ma Mary

To those who are arguing about the use of Madame. It is NOT used as a prefix title in common English usage. It is Mrs/Ms or Miss. Mme before a person's name is French, not English. "Yes, madam" or "no madam" not used as a prefix is acceptable, but quaint, the relics of colonialism and undemocratic castes. Madame with an "e" at the end is always French. I agree that by itself it is a minor point, but it is the tip of the iceberg of the problem of deteriorating standards of English, which is no minor issue, because it inteferes with the earning potential and educational opportunities of our children. It is not a trite point that a newspaper should be a stickler for correct usage and set a high standard.

Fon

Ma Mary,
My point is that Madame is a French word imported into English; it is found in English dictionaries and it is used (accepted)in English sentences just as verboten (German word for forbidden)is used in English sentences. You can´t fault someone for using the word verboten in English because it is a German word,since it is also accepted in English. The languages borrow words from each other and it is allowed.

DaDiceman

Verboten.....huh!!

Ma Mary, you are wasting your valuable time. Wrong audience!

Danny Boy

Dadiceman,
here we go again! Wrong audience! can you elaborate a bit more?
You seem too full of yourself!!

Danny Boy

Ma Mary,
however quaint, it is grammatically and ethically correct to address a woman "Madame".If you are worried about the earnings potential of our young ones, forget it. They will survive. Times are changing my Dear. We belong to the old school!!
Have a wonderful Easter.

Watesih

Ma Mary,
Dear Madam,i know you are quite a smart woman ,and that you are not going to look at this word only from the negative point of view,which has to do with patronising women of loose morals.Ma Mary ,i also know you are very polite ,and you never expect people to do things only the way you want,so you are not a proper little Madam.
Next time i will be writing to you in this formal way,i will still place Madam in front of your name,just as i will place Dear Sir nexttime i write to Fon.
When next i also meet you,i will ask you
"Are you Ma Mary ,Madam?".This of course will be very formal because we are not acquaintances.All in all when speaking,or writing to a woman in a formal situation,we
use madam.Lets forget about the 'e'that comes at the end when it is used in French
in order not to raise controversy.This because we are not going to bar people from using many other words of French origin like;week-end,raison d'etre,even if they have two 'e,s'at the end.
Lastly,people want to be innovative with every aspect of life.If you want to sound
Parisien,you use Madame,if you want to sound
German,you use Fuhrer when talking to people.This is for prestige reasons,and also for the beauty of language.

DaDiceman

Danny Boy,

Elaborate? To this audience? You must be joking, brother! It's a joke, right? It's reassuring to know that despite the big chips on your shoulders you still have a sense of humour...that's good.

M Nje

This building is just an example of how we, Southern Cameroonians, have been reduce to second class citizens in a “fourth world” nation. A good number of offices and other government buildings date back to the colonial period. Yet a few kilometers from Buea is the National Oil Refinery which produces huge amount of revenue. Is this what we want to hand to our children?

Ma Mary
Thanks for pointing these mistakes. Often, one is tempted to over look them.

Fon,
One cannot use the prefix Madame before a woman`s name in English Language. It does not matter whether she speak French. It is either Mrs, Ms, or Miss Ndoko not Madam Ndoko.

Janvier,
I am afraid you got it wrong. It is true that most languages, including the English Language, have words which have a french origin. The issue here is not whether "Madam" should be used in th English language. It is about the proper use of the word. You cannot use "Madam" before a woman`s name.

Yes it can be used before a title such as Speaker, President, etc.

Therefore, you can refer to the lady as Madam Chief, but you cannot call her Madam Ndoko.

Ma Mary

Tis instructive to observe how a trivial, if provocative comment generates a lot more heat and traction than the big, scary, stuff that is all over this newspaper. What are we running from? I shall ponder this one more than a little bit. We are children.

You may take this one to the bank: There are various ways of using Madam, but using it as a prefix, Mme This or Mme That is NOT English. It is OK as reported or quoted speech, or in specific contexts, but its usage is wrong in this story.

Danny Boy

Dadiceman,
how very funny. How about this for humour? One morning, a man took his dog out for a walk. His next door neighbour seeing them pass, opened his window and shouted: " Where are you taking that smelly creature to?" To which the man replied, "For a walk of course, and by the way my dog does not smell."
The neighbour now screamed back, " Shut up. I am talking to the dog."
Got it? There are more where this came from and I will happily regale you with them.
Just joking of course.

Fritzane Kiki HK

Really a shame to both the Bakwerians and its indegenes.It is not everything that people should be waiting from the government.How much can this small tartered building cost the council to recunstruct?I am embarrassed that such houses still exist in Cameroon as a building still use by a ministry of Social Affairs.If possible they could have rented another better one somewhere else than to continue to disgrace their ministry and lay blame on others.

Fritzane Kiki
Hong Kong


Eric

I think there is also a problem with the use of the words "disable" and "temporal" in the article. The author probably wanted to write disabled and temporary respectively. The proofreader of the Post still has much to do because more and more articles carry these eyesores.

mk the southerner

Permit me ladies and gentlemen enough of English for now, that house like the Southern Cameroons and her roads are crying for liberation what do we do? Register and vote as we have been doing and nothing had changed or to stay away from the frog's politics and change the whole of Southern Cameroons. Intelligent comrades do think about it. Thank you.MK the Southerner

Fon

M Njie,
Is the noun "Madame" (plural Mesdames) found in your English dictionary? If yes, what is its meaning? Don´t tell me that it is not there.

Fon

M Njie,
On the other hand if you have but the 16th century English dictionary, simply double click on the word Madame here and get the result.

casara

People read through to the end and see La Republics capabilities.

'WORLD'S' Nations Of Corruption - Reporting daily corruptions as on hand

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://www.forbes. com/home/ 2007/04/0. ..03corrupt. html

The World's Most Corrupt Countries
David A. Andelman

April 03, 2007

Corruption in nearly half the world's nations is not getting much better and, indeed, in many countries is intensifying- -affecting virtually every aspect of life among peoples on every continent.

While a year ago, some 72 out of 158 nations surveyed by the international watchdog group Transparency International were classified as "corrupt," now 74 of 163 countries fall into the same category. A few, most notably India, managed to bootstrap themselves (just barely) out of the truly corrupt group, while others, particularly Iran, dug themselves more firmly into that camp.

TI has developed an index from 0 to 10 comprised of surveys of specialists, opinion leaders, business officials and human rights monitors who live, work or travel extensively in each of the countries ranked. The higher the score, the less corrupt the country. Tied for No. 1 this year, with a CPI “score” of 9.6 are Finland, Iceland and New Zealand. At the bottom, with a score of 1.8 is Haiti.

In Pictures: Most Corrupt Nations
Clearly, as those who monitor the ebb and flow of corruption around the world confess, the rankings are heavily subjective, and the nature of the corruption, particularly in the most severely corrupt nations, can differ markedly. But all share one particular characteristic. "You are dealing with societies where corruption filters into everyday life," says Laurence Cockroft, a senior TI official. "Most of us don't experience [it] in our daily life. My guess is that when the TI Index drops below 5, certainly below 3, you get into a different kind of territory."

Below 5, you have 119 countries out of 163, including such nations as Italy, Greece, South Africa, Brazil and China. Below 3 on the TI scale, some 47 nations drop off, though many are very close to the line.

Corruption can take on a host of different forms. It can, and often does, involve the police and judicial systems, including questionable enforcement of business contracts and other commercial litigation. It frequently involves diversion of a percentage of funds from critical projects into the pockets of senior government officials or their families--often in systematic skimming operations. Indeed, the U.S. State Department has labeled Belarus Europe's only remaining outpost of tyranny.

Unfortunately, most of the corruption occurs in countries whose populations are least equipped to deal with the consequences- -the world's most deprived nations. In Cambodia, where two-thirds of the population earns less than $2 a month and one-third earns less than $1, a "substantial portion" of the $500 million to $600 million in donor aid each year is "lost to unofficial fees, an informal system of patronage, illicit 'facilitation' payments by businesses and individuals, " one Transparency official said.

Such under-the-counter payments for everything from the simplest municipal services to appointments to many of the nation's highest offices, particularly those where there is the greatest access to illicit profits, are the effective rule of law in most of the nations surveyed--especiall y in Africa, Central Asia, and Latin America.

In general, the most corrupt nations are those with "an extremely weak institutional setting," according to Transparency officials. In Haiti, for instance, President Jean-Bertrand Aristide fled in the face of an internal uprising and international pressure after he sought to move a number of his political allies into the highest positions within the justice system. However, a corrupt police force is still almost ubiquitous there, helping to cement the country's place alone at the top of the most corrupt list.

The former Central Asian republics of the Soviet Union are grouped near the top of the list of most-corrupt nations. The U.S. State Department reports that "Turkmenistan has laws to combat corruption, but they are ineffective, and corruption is rampant." At the same time, nearby Tajikistan is subsisting largely on a narco economy. Another State Department report noted that "rampant illicit trafficking of Afghan opium and heroin through Tajikistan remains a serious long-term threat to Tajikistan's stability and development, fostering corruption, violent crime, HIV/AIDS and economic distortions. "

Venezuela President Hugo Chavez, who repeatedly locks horns with the United States, has helped establish his country's presence on the most-corrupt roster by turning the national police force from a once professional body of crime fighters into an institution that is used largely for political issues, according to a Transparency official. The result is a collapse of control mechanisms that is a broad feature of administrations in many of the nations on the most-corrupt list. Moreover, in Venezuela, substantial income from the nation's vast oil wealth goes directly into the pocket of the chief executive according to TI.

"That's almost like pocket money," says the TI official. "There is a large share of the income, and we are talking many millions, used in a non-controlled fashion."

Among the least corrupt nations, the United States has slipped to No. 20 this year from No. 17 last year, while France, Belgium, Ireland and Japan leap-frogged over the U.S. in the rankings. The top 10--the world's least corrupt countries--has remained virtually unchanged with Finland, Iceland and New Zealand tied for the lead, followed closely by Denmark, Singapore and Sweden.

Furthermore, there does seem to have been some improvement in anti-corruption mechanisms in many nations, particularly the more developed countries. In the past year, such nations as Indonesia, China, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Australia have ratified the United Nations Convention Against Corruption. Ironically, Japan, the 17th least corrupt country in the world, and South Korea, the 42nd least corrupt, have failed to ratify the U.N. document.

There is some skepticism over the recent ratification of the U.N. convention by Bangladesh, the world's eighth most corrupt country, though there is some hope that the recent seizure of power by a military junta may help the country turn the corner on corruption there. Some 40 business executives and public officials were seized in an anti-corruption push, while property ranging from a Hummer to three golden pheasant and some pet peacocks were seized in raids there, according to The New York Times.

One Transparency official observed that some countries like Japan have failed to ratify the convention because "that means you have sorted out your whole legal system by which you can enact all provisions of the convention," while others with more questionable records in stamping out corruption "perceive [the convention] more as a standard of [future] achievement. "


1 Haiti
The police continue to be a central factor in corruption in Haiti, though there is corruption in virtually every governmental body. Since the police are also the officials closest to every individual on a daily basis, it is their corruption that changes the nature of daily life in Haiti, permeating all society and the way business is done.


#2 Myanmar
Corruption is perceived as widespread in this vicious dictatorship run with an iron hand by a strong-willed clique of military leaders, who persist in repression of civil society at every level. Illicit facilitation payments and informal fees are required to access even the most basic government services.

#3 Iraq
Huge quantities of funds-- especially American military and reconstruction aid funds--swirling through this nation, where many civil structures have largely broken down, is a recipe for corruption at all levels. Beyond kidnappings and ransom payments, TI officials say their survey was conducted in the first half of 2006 when funds being handled by the Coalition Provisional Authority were largely exhausted and no longer being disbursed. So the Iraqi government, where corruption is said to be rampant, was in charge of its own funds. International businessmen from a range of countries converging on Baghdad found finance, export credits, contracts and a host of more mundane functions of government all subject to illicit payments.

#4 Guinea (Conakry)
Guinea has been in a political crisis state for at least three years. Though the current, corrupt president has been in power for 20 years, strong pressure has been building from the public for a change of regime. A public strike that lasted one month finally ended a month ago. There was outright civil strife, obliging the president to appoint a new prime minister. The most controversial, and corrupt, deals surround the mining sector, particularly aluminum. Among foreign businessmen, the general view, according to the TI survey, was that to do business in Guinea you needed "to pay off the guy at the top."


#5 Sudan
The key event was the switch from a Canadian company that dominated oil drilling in Sudan, the No. 3 oil producer in Africa, to a Chinese company that took over the contract after the Canadians found corruption and an outrageous human rights record was too rife to be able to continue functioning. China is now responsible for 90% of all oil production in Sudan, which also controls oil flow down a large pipeline through southern Sudan to the sea. Chinese officials have declined any comment on the human rights situation, and TI officials say they are "not too worried about having to pay off the Khartoum government."

#6 Democratic Republic Congo/Kinshasa
Copper in Katanga, and in the rest of the country, gold, uranium and especially coltan, a rare mineral that's in every cell phone chip, still drive the corruption that remains rampant in this African nation. A presidential election did little to stop the corruption or the resulting violence that erupted again last month in downtown Kinshasha, the nation's capital. The president is the principal recipient of routine payments by the mining companies who apparently are prepared to play the very lucrative payoff game that remains as endemic now as it was back during the regime of one of Africa's historically most corrupt leaders, Mobutu Sese-Seko.

#7 Chad
Chad has dropped from No. 1 to No. 7 this year as international aid agencies, particularly the World Bank, have sought to come to grips with one of the world's most piggish uses of philanthropic funds. Proceeds of a Chad- Cameroon oil pipeline, funded in part by the World Bank and operated by an Exxon Mobil-led consortium, were supposed to have been used to help feed the desperately poor people of both nations. Instead, at least $30 million was diverted to buy arms to keep the government of President Idriss Deby in power. The World Bank, whose president, Paul Wolfowitz, was deeply embarrassed by the fiasco, halted funding more than a year ago, but reached an accord with Chad last July. According to TI officials, the jury's still out on how effectively it will be implemented.

#8 Bangladesh
There continues to be a general lack of engagement between the government and civil society as repression, corruption throughout government ranks and especially in the judiciary and political circles persists, often spilling over into the private sector. In March, the new military-backed government jailed at least 40 prominent business and
government leaders from two of the leading political parties in what was described as an ongoing probe of corruption, but TI officials are little impressed. Still, after five straight years at the top of the list, Bangladesh has signed the United Nations convention against corruption and has now dropped to No. 8.


#9 Uzbekistan
The most corrupt of the five former Soviet Republics on our list, Uzbekistan is sinking ever deeper into corruption and unrest--in constant turmoil and strife under what the U.S. State Department describes as the authoritarian rule of President Islam Karimov, a communist apparatchik holdover of the old regime, which, while violently suppressing opposition, encourages corruption that permeates society, including the executive branch. Bribery will win you everything from admission to leading educational institutions to a favorable outcome of traffic cases and civil lawsuits.


#10 Equatorial Guinea
One of the world's smallest oil powers, it is also among the most corrupt. Still, possibly under pressure from the major oil companies that operate there, particularly Exxon Mobil, things have improved a trifle, though the corrupt President Teodoro Obiang Nguema remains in power. Now, though, it's becoming possible to operate a business on a reasonable basis, provided one accepts that 30% of all funds, including oil profits go straight into the pocket of Nguema. Still, the system of corruption now is more rational and orderly than the previous system that amounted to near-total anarchy.


#11 Cote d'Ivoire
Another African nation bisected by a violent civil war, the two factions-- north and south--have theoretically agreed just a month ago to form a sort of coalition government, which in theory would end more than two years of hostilities. Still, there are many successful agribusinesses, particularly producing pineapples and palm oil, that operate effectively under the general understanding that a certain percentage of their profits go directly into the pockets of the nation's long-standing president, Houphouet Boigny, and others in the ruling elite.


#12 Cambodia
Corruption is pervasive through all levels of society, TI officials report. No one has ever been prosecuted under a skeleton anti-corruption law. Last month, international groups charged that judges in the trial of top former Khmer Rouge leaders had bought their positions. International aid donors including USAID under the Donor Coordination Group of Cambodia have warned of diversion of large chunks of the $500 million or more in international aid provided to this nation where two-thirds earn less than $2 a month. The system of illicit "facilitation" payments by businesses and individuals may only intensify as oil found off the coast replaces donor aid, removing even today's rudimentary controls on use of public revenues


#13 Belarus
Ruled by one of the most autocratic of the post-Soviet communist dictators, Alexander Lukashenka, his pledge when he was elected to office in 1994 was to end the rampant corruption and nepotism that had characterized government and society. Instead, these trends only intensified. In early 2005, the U.S. State Department labeled Belarus as Europe's only remaining outpost of tyranny. Lukashenko has maintained power through a series of rigged elections, and many members of his government have remained in office through bribery and cronyism.


#14 Turkmenistan
One of the "stans"--the Asian republics of the former Soviet Union--four of which are in the top 30 most-corrupt nations. The U.S. State Department reports that, "Turkmenistan has laws to combat corruption, but they are ineffective, and corruption is rampant." That's probably an understatement. President Saparmyrat Niyazov has run this central Asian nation--the most corrupt of the "stans"--with an iron fist since he first took over the Turkmen Communist Party in the Soviet era. He is personally believed to choose his country's investment partners with one eye on how generous they might be.


#15 Tajikistan
The victim of a civil war, the nation now exists largely as a narco-economy. As the U.S. State Department reports: "Rampant illicit trafficking of Afghan opium and heroin through Tajikistan remains a serious long-term threat to Tajikistan's stability and development, fostering corruption, violent crime, HIV/AIDS and economic distortions. " And that only scratches the surface here, international monitors report. War lords control the Ministry of Taxation and wide areas of the countryside- -the same families and clans that were in control throughout much of the communist era. The only improvement lately? Nightly gun battles in the streets of the capital seem to have eased.


#16 Sierra Leone
While the government has created an "anti-corruption commission" and a Web site declaring Dec. 9 "anti-corruption day," 95% of all residents said in a poll that, "Corruption is rampant in most government departments. " One of the world's leading producers of gem-quality diamonds, the horrific toll of traffic in illicit stones won Leonardo di Caprio an Oscar nomination for the film Blood Diamond, set in the country and detailing the outrages of this corrupt and often deadly industry.


#17 Pakistan
Transparency International believes that Pakistan has made some progress, particularly with respect to procurement issues (since the U.S. provides enormous aid to the country as a frontline power in the war against terrorism), the government seems to be taking active steps to combat corruption. But it's working in only a spotty fashion. On March 9, President Pervez Musharraf, suddenly suspended and detained the nation's chief justice, apparently because of his failure to sanction illegal detentions of terror suspects and overturning corrupt privatization of steel mills. Corruption remains rife in the judiciary, financial markets and civil service.


18 Nigeria
Nigeria has bounced off the bottom of the most corrupt nations list due to a determined effort by President Olusegun Obasanjo. The president named an Economic Crimes Bureau, which, under the leadership of a small group of top officials including the minister of trade and the MIT- educated minister of finance, has prosecuted two government ministers, forcing them from office, and begun monthly publication of budget figures on the national level and in 33 states and 700 local government authorities. Compared with five years ago, Transparency International reports, progress is being made.


#19 Kyrgyszstan
A revolution here two years ago seems to have led to nothing but chaos. Following liberal revolts in Georgia and Ukraine, the hope was that this would be the third domino post-Soviet nation to adopt a less corrupt "people power" form of government. But, "This was incredibly different from other revolutions, " remarks one Transparency official. "It didn't lead to anything. A new group and new clan just seized power, with some suspicion of Russian complicity. The reform process has gone nowhere." Its substantial oil wealth also make it qualitatively different from the other "stans," particularly in its strategic position between Russia and China.


20 Kenya
Since the resignation of anti-corruption czar John Githongo, two years ago, corruption has persisted in Kenya, but international monitors now suggest that, "People are much more careful about it, they have to obey due process." The World Bank has embarked on a $120 million East African Trade and Transport Facilitation Project aimed to improve efficiency of supply chains and curb corruption using detailed audits and reviews. It remains to be seen how effective such projects can be, though recently the government refused delivery of a Spanish-built frigate since it was believed any official who approved its delivery would be accused to taking kickbacks for its construction.


#21 Republic of Congo Brazzaville
Still in the hands of one of Africa's many corrupt dictators, in this case Denis Sassou Nguesso, with more opposition at home he has begun paying lip-service to creation of an anti-corruption campaign while he and a number of his lieutenants continue to skim funds, particularly from oil shipments through the port of Pointe-Noire. Last November, the government arrested anti-corruption advocate Christian Mounzeo when he returned home to Brazzaville after criticizing publicly in Europe the government's misuse of oil revenue.


#22 Angola
Africa's newest OPEC member continues to siphon large quantities of cash from its oil production into the pockets of senior government officials and for use in sweetheart arms deals, used to attack rebel elements that continue their campaigns of violence and to help the dictator Robert Mugabe remain in power in neighboring Zimbabwe. Last week, Sarah Wykes, a British investigator for Global Witness, was released after being seized and imprisoned for a month while probing corruption at the oil depot in Cabinda


#23 Venezuela
Hugo Chavez, elected president in 1998 on a platform of aiding the poor, is doing more to aid close political confidants and skim funds used to maintain himself in power. Transparency International officials believe that large percentages of the nation's enormous oil revenues go "directly into the [chief] executive's pocket." Congress, completely in thrall to the executive, provides no checks and balances while cronies of Chavez have been placed in all key positions where they have proceeded to enrich themselves. Accountability and internal controls are weak, often non-existent. The police are perceived as the single most corrupt institution, followed by the political parties who routinely use the police for political purposes.


#24 Niger
Mamadou Tandja is in his second five-year term as president, but has done little to erase the legacy of the military coup that brought him to power or the violent repression of subsequent attempts to change rulers. Last September, Amnesty International protested the arrest of two leading Niger journalists who'd published details of the skimming of international donor funds.


#25 Ecuador
The biggest troubles in Ecuador, for Transparency International, is in the judiciary and public procurement processes. Basically you "pay for any contract you get it," one official said. When it comes to enforcement, the attorney general, judiciary and procurement processes are recognized as profoundly corrupt, though it's the political parties and parliament that get the worst ratings. A key problem is the fact that since the turn of the century, the nation has been ruled by a succession of six juntas or presidents who have failed to complete their terms.


#26 Cameroon
On Jan. 18, President Paul Biya launched an anti-corruption drive, just two weeks after sacking two magistrates accused of bribery--the first such action in 23 years of rule, though it's had an anti-corruption body in place for eight years. The nation remains a thoroughly closed society with little transparency, though the media is more likely to report on corruption in the past. According to Transparency International, oil revenues no longer go directly into accounts controlled by the president, but into the state budget, but for the first time, oil reserves and production are falling and Biya recognizes he must plan for reduction of oil revenues not increases.


Any corruption on this countries will be published as they appear on the news.

rexon

Corruption is part and parcel of the Way of life of anything involving La Republique. Even our Southern Cameroonian brothers in the fake opposition in Camerounese parliament are all corrupt like the frogs that have grounded the affairs of the Southern Cameroons. If we want to talk about speaking english our own way, and doing things our own way, and renovating our buildings not to humiliate us as this one above, then we should avoid anything La Republique.

Fritzane,

What did the SDF do for this building when they were controlling the Council? Did'nt they allow it as it was? It is the game of politics with La Republique that is holding us backwards. We must understand that we are part and parcel of all these problems in the Southern Cameroons.

Fon

Rexon & Kiki, your greatest problem is ignorance. Do you know the financial obligations of a council? How do you expect a council to renovate a building that belongs to a ministry that has a budget? Laughable isn´t it? I don´t expect this kind of reasoning even from one whose level is just class seven.
The SDF will soon run you into a state of delirium.

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