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« Limbe SDF Petitions Presidency Over Disqualified List | Main | The Post Front Page- Monday, June 18, 2007. »

Tuesday, 19 June 2007


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These govt should be ashamed of itself. Always begging, begging, begging. In other countries that are poor in natural resources like Sweden, people construct their infrastructures without begging, but in Cameroon, we are always thanking others, as if we dont have resources and cannot finance our own projects.

I dont understand how these traitors see us when they rush to the Southern Cameroons with their long rhetorics and lies as a result of the upcoming elections. Constructing a bridge is a good thing, but constructing a major bridge several years after it crumbled is enough evidence that this government is a complete failure. If these people were really serious with themselves, they would have been ashamed to be asking for help from the Belgian goverment and the European Union, at thesame time, embezzling huge amounts of money and buying properties all over Europe. These bridge cost 5 billion francs CFA, but Ondo Ndong alone was implicated for having embezzled 52 billion francs CFA. Now, going by the figures, the likes of Ondo Ndong could construct more than 10 of such bridges.

Furthermore, how did this criminal government, inaugurated the bridge only a few months before the upcoming elections? Why all these promises because the Moungo bridge is about to be inaugurated? Is that any achievement for a reasonable government to be proud of? These people are really shameless. Now, they are talking about the Kumba Mamfe Road, the Kumba Mundemba road. What a shame? Why only now? Do we have to keep listening to these CPDM criminals with their rhetorics everytime? It appears they are really taking us for fools. As foolish as we are, some will still sing their usual CPDM dimabola. And as foolish as Cameroonians are, they are importing those their CPDM lies and rhetorics amongst the Cameroonians community here in Europe. After proper investigation, i have understood that the CPDM is now well organised in the UK with most of its militants being relatives of those unscrupulous people in the administration. They started by passing around as different cultural associations vis manyu elements cultural association, fako elites association, etc mostly in London and now they are in the open leading their CPDM rhetoric to the Europeans. The earlier we neutralise this threat called the CPDM, the better. They are just liars and nothing else.


I am surprised you believe a word about the construction of Mamfe, Mundemba roads. Don't forget elections are around the corner.

Inoni's master promised in 1985 to tar the B'da and to stop chasing of files. nothing has been done to date.

Its like an idle seducer making all sorts of love promises to get a woman into his bed.

This bridge was constructed only because of immediate neccesity; the petrol, timber and agro-products being carted daily from Southern Cameroons. If that was not there, you would have been waiting for ever.


Sure elections are around the corner,Cameroonians have fallen in that crap many times .I'm pretty sure ,it is all over .There's nothing to talk about .They should prove ; by doing not saying.If he said that the construction of that road will begin in a particular date that would have been convincing to an extent not enough though.

Cameroon needs action not words for votes.It's time for reality ,no fiction.

Remember your vote is the new found power,use that power judiciously.

Paa Ngembus

".....When the bridge collapsed on July 1, it was interpreted in some quarters as sabotage by activists of the Southern Cameroons National Council, SCNC, who were allegedly attempting to separate the two Cameroons....."

Oh yeah!!!!

Accusing the SCNC of sabotage?

They haven't seen anything yet.

That colonial exploitation bridge will go down again.


We don't need a bridge to La Republique Colonie Francaise des Feymens Tribalists et Homosexuels Corrompus du Cameroun.

We need bridges to Nigeria.

Paa Ngembus
Proud Grandson of a UPC "Maquisard"


A nation full of liars. Children, grand children, parents, all always relying on lies. What a shame and curse to this nation. How many bags of rice and cows this time around Mr PM? Shame onto those people who are going to sell the next 5 years for a few cups of rice, bottles of beer and bones from some dead cow.

To all those who fold their arms and expect others to change the country, you are on the wrong side. You are the ones who can make this country what we long for. The country has been taken hostage by rdpc stooges. God safe us.


My dear People,
Hard as we may try to pretend, Cameroon is endowed with natural resources and riches for which other nations are envious.

Cameroonians should always remind themselves that good roads, bridges, schools, healthcare facilities are their God-given rights for which their cosciences should not be sold.

Imagine that the slogan on a banner at the inauguration of the Mungo Bridge told of the population of the South West Province availing their support to the head of state for always keeping his promises to them!?!?!...

When shall you learn that the gesture is not a favor but your right as citizens of this country????

May the Almighty God be with us.


When these criminal plant grasses, put stones, cement and plaster a wall, in a place and they are calling all white criminals in Yaounde to line up for CRTV to video them and brainwash our people, i dont know what they are really thinking in their big skulls. The white race will never respect us. What is a bridge to these people? Nations are spending billions on engineering and other realistic projects. In my country, when a simple bridge is constructed, a simple farm to market road is renovated, 10 computers are given to a university, cows and bags of rice are bought for an entire province, etc. the whole cameroon has to cheer the head of state for his unfulfilled promises. Wonders shall never end.


Can someone tell me whats going on.

Neba Funiba

Sorry for the digression folks. This excerpt is from BBC NEWS. I wonder when this will extend to Cameroon.

France starts African cash probe
Story from BBC NEWS
Published: 06/19/07

French prosecutors have launched an investigation into alleged embezzlement by two African leaders. The corruption investigation was launched this week after complaints by three agencies in March that property had been bought with stolen funds. It included a Paris mansion owned by Gabon President Omar Bongo Ondimba and his family and a luxury townhouse owned by Congo's leader Denis Sassou Nguesso. Neither Mr Bongo nor Mr Sassou Nguesso have answered the allegations. Several other properties are believed to be involved in the investigation. It is not a president's salary that could have generated the considerable resources needed to acquire such property, William Bourdon, Sherpa

They include flats linked to Mr Nguesso's family in Paris's Foch Avenue, in Parisian suburbs such as Courbevoie and Velizy, and in expensive areas in the south of France such as the Cote d'Azur, the BBC's Catherine Zemmouri in Paris says. The three groups making claims against the two leaders were Survie (Survival), which has criticised France's support of African dictators in the past, an international network of legal experts called Sherpa and the Federation of Congolese from the Diaspora, AFP news agency said. "The properties never belong directly to presidents themselves but instead to their daughters, sons, nephews or [are] registered to properties companies," Benjamin Mutsila president of Congolese Diaspora told the BBC. "It is not a president's salary that could have generated the considerable resources needed to acquire such property," said lawyer William Bourdon, president of the Sherpa group, quoted by AFP.

'Poor conditions'

"We hope the French judge will seize all this properties, which can have only been bought with oil incomes and sell it in order to send the money back to Congo and to Gabon," Survie said in a statement. "Citizens live in poor conditions without enough hospitals, schools and public infrastructure." Mr Bongo, 71 and Africa's longest-serving head of state, won re-election last year for another seven-year term. He has ruled the oil-rich country since 1967. Mr Sassou Nguesso, 63, ruled Congo from 1979 to 1992, and then returned to lead the country after a coup in 1997.


yes papa!

M Nje

"In the words of the Prime Minister, Government is working hard, with the support of its traditional development partners like the European Union, the World Bank and the African Development Bank, ADB, among others, to realise its dreams of providing its citizens with road amenities and other facilities."

You are not ashame to talk about road constructions. When are you going to stand on your own Mr. Prime Minister of La Republique Du Cameroon? A 47 years old child who always goes back to their "parent" for rent and other basic necessities is certain to fail. Keep it up. Very soon you will be a dumpster diver.


The African cash probe is a double edge sword that can cut first deeply into the flesh of the french politician before it makes any inpact on the African leader and those who will bleed are those africans in the despora(france) as well as the common african man.
Alligation like this is very difficult to prove in court.Even if the properties are owned dirrectly by the presidents.Most african presidents donnot have fixed salaries cameroon paul biya and Oma Mbongo of Gabon for example.French foreign companies have rape and plunder the resources of Africa with little kickbacks they offer to the presidents follow by baits of social programs in the name of financial aids they offer to the government.Beside only african leaders are offer shares in return of protection in some french companies in africa take Brasseries du Cameroun for example
So asking france to look at the books of african president is like asking france to account for her business practices and equally asking usa and the rest of europe to give back the human and Natural resources they stealing from africa in collaboration with some African leader.

Dinga paul owona

I am called Ba Njeko.I am a Cameroonian living in Accra,Ghana.I wish to extend my greatest satisfaction to the entire Cameroonpost newspaper for making us abress with the day to day socio,economic,cultural and political developments in Cameroon.I wish to make some few comments on yoour last report of the SCNC debacle.
It is not a sin for one or a group of people who fee maginalised to seek for means to revamp thier situation as a member of a family,country or nation.The protection of minority right is a provision of the Human right declaration enshrined in the UN charter but when a group of people who claaim to be the mouth piece of a people unilaterally resort to orthodox measures that jeopardises the smooth functioning and the tranquility of the entire nation then their actions should be seriously checked.
I am a christian and in every statement i make i like refering to the Holy Scripture.The Bible says let no one put asunder what God has put together.
Those who claim to be the protectors of the Anglophones with seperatist tendencies are working contrary to the devine plan of our beatiful nation that had taken time and energy to build.The SCNC are not only exploiters but ignorant men and women who have completely lost sight of world evolution.We are living in a time when people are moving together.Africa is now thinking of a continental government not just a union where we can live under a single unbrella,the Europeans are pulling themselves together into a powerful block to rival the US which had this vision many years ago.
Secondly a divorce order granted the problems face with anglophones will never stop.The 'cam no goes' and those who first saw the whiteman will still be at each others throat and it will go on and on.
The advice to these adventurers is that instead of dividing they should start seeking for means to build a more stronger and beautiful nation.'Think of what you have done to this country and not what this country has done for you'.A good child who feels offended and love his country cannot say i am no more part of the family.But seek for a consensus within the family.The Bilingual character of our country is a formidable resource to us Cameroonians outside.Instead of saying i am Anglophone Cameroonian say i am a Cameroon.Dont hide in some obscure area in the south of north west or remain in a selfish ambition and think you are doing us any good by this irrational ideas.The only way is to fit into the system become biligual and you enjoy the land we live in.Thanks


I reply to you because I think you might in the course of time be honest e whatever honesty is, is another issue.For now it appears you're just one of those double standards tougue lashing lot out there.Hear you..."It is not a sin for one or a group of people who fee maginalised to seek for means to revamp thier situation as a member of a family,country or nation.The protection of minority right is a provision of the Human right declaration enshrined in the UN charter". You(as its always the case with your kins)failed woefully to defend the rights of that"minority" but went ahead as sheep in wolf clothing to lament that very minority for asking for the same rights which you have rightly quoted they deserve.How do you call that Owona?

Again you say as a christian man....., good and fine no squams with that but Mr christian man, even if we go by the very Bible by which you swear you'll still be found wanting and of double standards!
The very bible which you believe in states that "If a ruler listens to lies, all his officials become wicked"Proverbs 29:11-13. And again it says Proverbs 25:5, remove the wicked from the king's presence, and his throne will be established through righteousness.

So how do you read your bible?With anglo-tinted glasses or with a clear mind? Mr man there're ingredients of a harmonial nation enshrined both in our conscience,law and nature and until those ingredients are judiciously and honestly utilised I bet you chaos abound. As a seeming kinsman go tell them that hold the mantle to listen to the people.

Have fun in Ghana and learn from them as well. Tayong

M Nje

Owona (Ba Njeko),
Your level of ignorance is as bad as it can get. Can you provide a single proof that Southern Cameroons is part of what you call your "beautiful nation."

Your "beautiful nation", La Republique Du Cameroun, has been teaching false history for many years to its citizens. You seem to be one of those who continue to live with that falsehood. You will want to check the history of your country from a reliable source before exposing such shameful naivety in public.

When your country took Nigeria to the International Court of Justices over boundaries issue, why did you not preach African unity to them.

We want our country, Southern Cameroons, because we do not legally belong to where we are. It has very little at this moment to do with marginalization. It is a legal issue not a marginalization issue.

As a citizen of La Republique Du Cameroun, I will expect you to tell us, Southern Cameroonians, that we have a problem of ‘cam no goes’ so we should just remind with la Republique.. That is what your goverment has been using to try to divide us. I will proudly tell you that we have been existing with each for more than 100 years. We do not have any such problem that will prevent us form living together.

Secondly, you have no business in our internal affairs. Go and worry about the civil war that is apparently going to happen in your country in future.

Che Sunday

Tayong and Nje,
We can not fight falsehood with counter falsehood. Owona writes from his perspective of what he believes Cameroon should be. I have come across words like annexation, illegal occupation. Can you justify the use of these words in reference to Cameroon? Was there ever an invasion of Southern Cameroons by French Cameroon? If the struggle to get a Southern Cameroons nation or Abazonia as some call it is one that will yeild fruition, then it will take more of a legal battle or open confrontation than this war of misinformation and grandstanding.
We won independence out right, but was saddled with a cast of idiots for leaders. Endeley was busy campaining for union with Nigeria, while Foncha saw it proper to take us to Ahidjo. NOne! None of them had the spine, nor foresight to reject the two plebicite ultimatums given us. They could not ask for a third option, one that will allow govern ourselves. You probably was not old enough nor born to recall, but can you recall any Southern Cameroonian politician who campaigned against turning out for the plebicite? If a boycot of the blebicite had been called, traditional leaders would have been very instrumental in making sure that it failed. If we are going to secure a state of Southern Cameroons, it should state with an open discusion with Britain. Ask them to justify the claim they presented and influnced the rest of the Security Council that we were to poor resource wise to be able to support ourselves as a nation, when infact, they knew, or was secretly prospecting for oil in Ndian Division.They said they did not want Southern Cameroon to be a burden on the British people, but were very successful during colonialism in extracting taxes from us with little or nothing in terms of investment in return. They were so successful in convincing the United Nations that even Isreal that had to take use violence in securing its own independence from Britian voted against our independence. Yet, Isreal is smalle than us, population and land wise. Brothers, in the midst of our suffering, lets continue to look at the facts and not sucumb to the falsehood that is becoming a trademark of this generation.
The leadership of the SCNC has not done anything to shed its "opportunistic" out look which makes one look back at other opportunists who took us down our current misery lane. This issue makes my blood boil when one realizes that educated Cameroons failed to heed the advice of wiser but less educated sages like Achirimbi I of Bafut who told Foncha, Nigeria is water and we rejected Ndeley who wanted to take us there to go and drown. French Cameroon is fire. If you want to take us there, we will also reject you. When I look at what the leadership of the SCNC is doing, I have an inclination fight for the liberation of Cameroon as a whole, not a Southern Cameroons. No situation is beyond salvage.



A South African Colleague of mine who was of mixed raced did informed me that, when there was apartheid, most of his white friends NEVER saw anything wrong with the system. You as most citizens of La Republique would not see anything wrong with the colonisation of the Southern Cameroons. It is left on Southern Cameroonians to see something wrong with a system that has enslaved them for several generations. A system that manipulated their constitution, people and resources for their selfish intent. I dont have more of a problem with people like you, but with Southern cameroonians romancing with your politics for their own selfish intent. If they all stood for the truth, then the Southern Cameroons would have been decolonised. But since some Southern Cameroonians prefer peanuts instead of standing for the truth, we are bound to remain hopeless. So Owona, remember, you can fool some people sometime, but not everytime.

May i ask you one more question. Why are mot of you citizens of La Republique very concerned about what we are doing? You have graduated from coining us ITT to commenting everyday here. You need to go and sleep.



Che Suday Wrote:

"When I look at what the leadership of the SCNC is doing, I have an inclination fight for the liberation of Cameroon as a whole, not a Southern Cameroons"

Can u please tell us what you think the SCNC leadership is doing that we have not been able to understand.


Dear Patriot Owona,

Millions of Cameroonians have no time to listen to self proclaimed "Internet Freedom Fighters".
Dear brother, these so called "Leaders" of "Internet SCNC are living happily in England, Sweden, Usa etc... with 3 full meals a day and have no interest to see our beloved country prosper in unity.
They sit in the comfort of their living room and write hate messages in this forum. They will love to rwandalize Cameroon but guess what? It will never happen. Cameroonians are too intelligent to fall for that crap.
We know where our problems are. Corruption, nepotism, tribalism, embezzlment of public funds etc... will never end by dividing Cameroon into "2 banana republics". But united, we could all join hands together and fight to make our Country a peaceful, livable and prosperous place to live in Africa for the future generation.
Cameroonians are neither "Anglophones and francophones". France and England careless about us. We have to begin by understanding who we are as a nation.
I have said many times here that in the current regime, there are many good people who could lead us and change our country into a modern democracy. We need to encourage those who are fighting the battle on the field. Our PM Chief Inoni and many other Patriots should be applauded for all the good work they are doing in our Country. He is the man doing the job in Cameroon while Paul Biya is 265 days on vacation in Europe.
Let's begin by bringing something on the table.
Rexon and Mr Ngembus, what have you brought on the table so far? Rhetorics! Rhetorics!
SCNC this! SCNC that!
Have you Guys ever thought of raising money for a project to help your poor people in your village? NOOOOOOOOOOOO!
Have you ever thought of starting a project in your village? NOOOOOOOOO! Just a single water well will help!
What a shame! What a shame! Iam sorry to say that Africans will never learn...

May God bless a strong and united Republic of Cameroon!
Vive la Republique du Cameroun!

CAADIM (CAmeroonians Against the DIvision of our Motherland)

Che Sunday

You know it and I do. The SCNC is an organization of two factions. There is a chief Ayamba led faction and another whose leader I can't recall off head. Here in North America, we had a division that almost led to a fist fight after learning that one was here and funds were being solicited to support his stay here. If these people can not unite now and form a single strong unit, when will they do that? We face difficult times, and in the grand scheme of things, personal acolades should be of little importance. Nothing can be accomplished nowadays without money. Many of us dot the landscape around the world, and like the SDF, the SCNC has never instituted a funds raising scheme that could appeal to the better majority of us around the world.It could be an annual affair where by such funds could be used either in defense or for future development purposes. Without money, nothing goes. The SCNC still operates like a mum and paps store down the corner. Waving a flag in front of armed gendarmes only gets you a bullet. Reading in the papers that two-three million dollars were raised to support the struggled gets a lot of people in Yaounde startled.
Thats what I am talking about.

Ma Mary

Che Sunday, stay tuned. All the questions that you have raised about the movement have been answered. Actually, the movement does not consist entirely of the SCNC. There is also Ambazonia, SCARM, SCAPO etc. Naturally diverse organisations would have differences about approach and ideology. That has been the case in all genuine liberation struggles, if you check the history. The recent breakthrough has been an agreement to work together in a task-oriented fashion. The products of that agreement will unfold into public view during the course of this year. When the time comes to contribute in North America, be sure to put in your contribution. You must realize that the SDF is a political party. Here, we are dealing with an entirely different bowl of wax, a much more complex and challenging task. Comparing the movement to SDF is like comparing apples to oranges.


Mr. Che Sunday, it is unfortunate that you term as misinformation the Southern Cameroon claims to annexation and illegal occupation. You specifically said: "I have come across words like annexation, illegal occupation. Can you justify the use of these words in reference to Cameroon? Was there ever an invasion of Southern Cameroons by French Cameroon?" The answer, Sir, is YES & YES & YES!

1. The French Government, specifically Pierre Messmer (Haut-Commissaire de la République au Cameroun (1956-1958), said in his own words in his autobiography, "Les Blanc S'en Vont," and I give you a rough translation here:

"Ahidjo, meticously advised and prepared by French lawyers and experts, the Fumban Conference was a sham, that safe for appearance, was the annexation of the Southern Cameroons."

He continued:

"The joke in Douala and Yaounde at the time was that the Federal Republic of Cameroun will be a bilingual FRENCH republic."

2. Annexation necessarily leads to illegal occupation.

3. And yes there was an invasion of the Southern Cameroons after the British expeditionary forces left on September 30, 1961, and the French Allaince forces moved into the territory simultaneously. They started establishing their torture centers called BMMs all over the place soon thereafter.

4.Charles de Gaulle, the man whose policies would infantalise and destroy francophone Africa and her peoples, using massacres and genocide when need, had this to say about the Southern Cameroons: "It became a little gift from the Queen of England to France."

5. The French foreign minister told the then SDF official Chief Taku (in the 90s) in a meeting in Paris when queried about the plight of the Southern Cameroons, and the French official said that the Southern Cameroons was "given to them by the British and they will never abdicate it".

6. Mr. Che, these facts cited above are not hidden, they have been well-documented and you must have come across them if you are a serious student of the Southern Cameroons struggles.

However, I will agree with you that all of this happened with the connivance of the British, because according to them, the people of the Southern Cameroons were "expendable". The British will answer for her role in creating and abbetting the French criminality that was ushered in the Southern Cameroons.

Mr. Che Sunday, it will do you well to become informed before misinforming others. Our young in the Southern Cameroons and la Republique Fracaise du Cameroun, and for that matter the rest of the world will be best served with facts. And as Ma Mary said, join the rest of us when called upon to implement some of your suggestions.


Che Sunday
I definitely understand your position and worries Che Sunday but then we cant continue to cry over spilt milk or play the I-told-you-so game anymore. Foncha, Muna et all have all gone with their whims.Let the dead bury the dead.

Let's logically claim we all voted to belong to one nation. Yes we(logically) did, at least going by the archives we did.Lets forget the UN and British manourvres.The very custodian of the law and constitution who declared on 6 th May 1972 that the federal structures were adopted at Reunification in order to assure the Southern Cameroonians that the heritage which they were contributing to the nation would not be ignored, 'but would be taken into consideration within the framework of a bilingual multicultural state",and before then had declared to the UN in 1959 that..." no decision will be imposed on the people of Southern Cameroon by their Eastern Cameroon brothers by shear weight of numbers" .Question; Have all these still been the modus operandi of this and subsequent custodians of the law and constitution?Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon and now La Repulic du Cameroon, isn't this alone suggestive of deliberate attempt to subgurgate and assimilate the very people "he" swore would never be cowed into any decisions by numbers? Is this still falshood Che Sinday?

My good friend, you know as much as I do that every Southern Cameroonian is feeling the weight of this unholy alliance. The way forward might differ from person to person, group to group but the bottom line remains.Anyone who denies and pretends that this problem doesnt exists nor doesnt need particular redressing is simply preparing a time bomb for the whole nation.

There are puritans and nationalists calling for outright declaration of nationhood, then there are constitutionist calling for the respect of the charter under which we came together and then there're political parties whose manisfesto recognizes and suggests a solution to this problem, then there're ethno-political Lords who not willing to lose the advantages they derive from giving Southern Cameroonians Second Class Citizenship and status ,say there isn't any such problem and try to equate the issue to Corruption or whatever.

Dear Che Subday, there's a problem that needs fixing. Whether you want to fix it from "a Cameroon perspective" or Southern Cameroon's isnt very much the issue,but denial thereof is. Some say it will bring war, as if there isn't war already. Absence of physical violence isn't cine quo nom to absence of war.

Whatever the case we wear the same shoes. Cheers amd have a good time countryman,



My dear Country men, with all due respect, irrespective of which faction and its sympathisers believe they have the best interest of the MARGINALIZED anglophones at heart, do lend ear to my humble suggestions.

I understand that no charity or group of NGOs have ever been refused the right to build houses, repair/replace deteriorating infrastructure or give aid to schools and scholarships to students in this marginalised part of the country.

The future of the children is at stake, unless we all devise a means by which to help them fulfil their ambitions in life.

To tell you the truth, preaching hatred and divisions shall NEVER be of service to these children who constitute the future of tomorrow.

The present Leaderships of Southern Cameroons should therefore concentrate more on social issues affecting southern Cameroons and leave the rest to time.

Who could ever tell that Mandela would someday come out of jail alive, rule South Africa and restore the dignity of the native South Africans???

We of Southern Cameroon go about preaching the same politics of the CPDM and forget that we could come together in our misery and build a beautiful southern cameroons all by ourselves.

I dont think our desire is to raise billions of dollars that would cause the ETOUDI Landlord to tremble. I think we should simply devise a means to carry out self-development projects in our territory. Many villages, like mine have portable water without the help of SNEC, and some villages could as well get Lister Engines and generate electricity without the help of AES Sonel.

We should not be blind to the opportunities of Economic Liberalisation.When we complain everyday about the government not building roads and providing other social amenities for us, we only prove how unproductive we are as a people.

My call is that we have a change of tactics to resolve our problems. lets first keep our back yards clean and complain only in the event that someone drops excrement there.




I challenge the different leaderships and opinion movers to prove that they would be more productive in an independent southern Cameroons by showing their worth today..Proceedings from meetings should be translated into meaningful action..Too much bla bla bla doesnt really help.





There is something called the "Political Will". That refers to the government's policies aimed at influencing economic prosperity. I can assure that, that is what we lack. How many times have u read in this forum how individuals with realistic philantropic projects are being frustrated as a result of our governments ill-intent in seeing their projects crumble? And i can also assure you that, the government has social policies that controls even the way grants from international NGO's are being spent. By implication, u cannot just negotiate a foreign aid no matter how small and rush into the Country and start carrying out specific projects without proper authorisation from those bandit. And rest assured that, you are not also allowed to start putting stones on the road to Mamfe even in the form of community labour by our laws. So, it should not be a matter of us being unproductive, it is as far as i understand, a matter of La Republique hidering our progress. If Southern Cameroonians were as lazy as you are insinuating, our whole social and economic life would have crumbled. We in the diasparo are the brain behind our economic and social survival now. We are working hard to send money home for key projects most of which are social like education, medical care, etc. whole families and communities would have crumbled if not of our hardworking attitude. So you should not just think we have been sleeping.

Cheers brother.


Che Sunday,

I understand where you are coming from. What i have realised is that politics is a very difficult game. Infact, i will commend Feli for addressing me here an amateur, because one of his strategic comments here was corroborated by what i read from Ebenezer Akwanga's book.

So what then is the difference between the SCNC, SCYL and SDF? I ask this question because Akwanga Ebenezer commended some past and present henchmen of the SDF for supporting him financially and otherwise in one way or the other. I think he made mention of NJFN, Asonganyi and family, and many others of the SDF and other political and social organisations.




We happen to have crossed words on this forum on some issues but this time it's absolutely not benign from you to have paralleled a peoples' outcry against oppression as a hate course. Worse still using Mandela to make a point?

Should Mandela had kept silent for fear of being brandished as hate morger where would SA been today? And again who are the Southern Cameroon leaders ? You, Kartakata is a leader in your own right. If you dont see any problem with the status quo who do you expect to hold the command baton and make the changes you proposed?

Well your opinion counts as much of Ayamba or Ngala or Fru Ndi. These individuals all acknowledge this problem and each in his own way proposes a way out not the other way round. In effect you are the leader of Southern Cameroon Katakata therefore take the lead not anyone else .

Cheers countryman

Ma Mary

The history of promises in la Republique is a bad one. The promises of a Kumba-Mamfe-Bamenda road have been made on an annual basis since Ahidjo's days and every time, suckers with short memories fall for it and continue to wait. It is time for people to lay off the ethanol. It is pure poison to the brain cells and causes people to forget too readily. Eat more pepper instead.

Some such as Katakata may ask why the West Cameroon government could not undertake the project. The reason was that la Republique the occupier, arrogated to itself most power to tax (ie customs) from the time it moved its occupation forces into Southern Cameroons in collusion with the UK in 1961, thereby depriving the West Cameroon government of much needed revenue to run its affairs.

It is also not a wise idea for Southern Cameroonians to spend their personal resources to develop those roads, which would then be used by the occupier mostly for its own benefit. Southern Cameroonian personal resources should be spent on more strategically effective projects to deliver liberation. There is a lot more to be said on this topic but a little at a time.

M Nje

Thank you Tayong and TAGRO for you comments above. I could not say it any better.

Che Sunday,
Can you point to any statement I made above that is a falsehood. Be very specific. If you cannot point to any falsehood, I will caution you do some reading about the history of Southern Cameroons, check your
facts, before you make naive accusations.

Owona has a right to want ever perspective he thinks La Republique Du Cameroun should be, but that does not make it a fact. When stating your baseless perspective you cannot accuse those who don’t share it as
“exploiters and ignorant.” Ignorant of what? Of his perspective of Cameroun.

I will like to point to the following myths in your comments Wednesday, 20 June 2007 at 07:21 PM.

1)You said “we won independence out right.”
I don`t know which law you followed to come to that conclusion. Article 76 (b) of the United Nations Charter says among many things the objective of Trustee territories was to prepare them for self government or independence. The plebiscite question;
independence by JOINING violates this article out right.

The word INDEPENDENT means among other things “Not dependent on or affiliated with a larger or controlling entity.” You cannot become independent by being dependent or joining another entity. So that was a sham. You cannot become single by getting married.
Hence your accretion that “we won independence out right” is misguided.

That is violation number 1

2) Was Southern Cameroons invaded by La Republique? Has it bwwn annexed and illegally occupied? The answer to all of these questions is YES, YES, YES, YES, YES,
and YES.

UN resolution 1608 XV (in which La Republique voted agains joining with Southern Cameroons) call for a “Treaty of Union” to be worked out between La Republique do Cameroun, The Governing Authority of Southern Cameroons in the
presence of a represented of the UK and UN. That never took place. Under which international law did La Republique use to extend its armed forces to Southern Cameroons. If that is not an invasion what is it to you.

That is violation number 2.

How may violations do you need to understand that they was a clear and premeditated effort on the part of the
UK (with La Republique Du Cameroun, France, and the UN as accomplices) to deprive us of our right for full independence.

To be fair with Forcha, he did proposed that Southern Cameroons be granted full independence, the questions of joining either Nigeria or La Republique be considered after a period of self government. This was rejected by the UK for an apparent lack of funds to support an independent Southern Cameroons state. This
may still have been a bad option but he proposed it.

The bottom line is that we have an obligation to
correct this injustices. It is morally wrong to allow our next generation to experience what we are experiencing now. We cannot allow our future generation to be called Nigerians or enemies in the land of their ancestors. We owe it to them to do
justices. The USA will not be what it is today if its founding fathers did not stand up to the UK. We will probably be talking about the Prime Minister of the USA and not otherwise.


Last summer the people of Mendakwe where in "court" because after collecting funds and erecting their own water supply system to serve their community, the French-sponsored government of la Republique Francaise du Cameroun where, in effect, attempting to annex it under SNEC and take control of it. A similar ploy was attempted in Bali, as I was made to understand, but the Bali people chased away the Camerounese surrogates of the French bandits.

La Republique Francaise du Cameroun operates as surrogates for a country with a history of genocide against Africans: FRANCE. Their project is against the African humanity and progress for the benefit of a genocidal France. In the Southern Cameroons, France, has the perfect cover in colloborators and vassals like Paul Biya and Inoni to implement the French project of the continuous de-humanization of Africans.

Because of this French project, the Southern Cameroons have become a paupaurized construct, poorer in every measure than they were in the 1960s. It jives with the reality that today, there is no francophone African country than can baost of any development, because that goes against the French project. It is a project of corruption, of poverty, undervelopment, death and genocide. Inoni can smile like a christmas goat all he wants while cutting ribbons, that will not change a damn thing, and the poor fellow knows it.

Southern Cameroons, and for that matter the Franco-Camerounese will never see development if both peoples are not released from the criminal and evil yoke of the genocidal French. There is no development for the African people in Francafique!



Faced with the robust determination of the inhabitants of the litigious territory of the former British Southern Cameroons to restore their independence and statehood as granted by UN Resolution 1608 (XV), paragraph 5, of April 21st 1961, the Biya regime believes that wanton intimidation, arrests, assassinations, ethnic cleansing, economic cleansing, acute marginalisation and deprivation (and even genocide) would halt the process.



Fact is, “Francophones” are NOT “Anglophones”, meaning that they cannot know how an Anglophone really feels. One basic rule in society, dealing with others, is to always try to put yourself in someone’s shoes if you want to understand where they are coming from. So my fellow francophone Cameroonians, imagine the capital of Cameroon would be in Buea like it used to be the case during the German occupation. Imagine the president would be Anglophone and most of the key ministers and governors even in your own province would be using English to communicate with you. Imagine you had to move to Buea if you want to study let’s say medicine or engineering, whatever is not offered in your region.[ You will tell me other Cameroonians also have to do most of that if they don’t live in Yaoundé, I agree, but then, they don’t have to speak in a language they barely speak. ]. Wouldn’t you feel frustrated?
These are just few examples which can help you to have an idea about how an Anglophone Cameroonian would feel like, living in a country where he pays taxes like everyone else, but being treated as an alien in his own country.
Most “Francophones”, I have to say don’t even have a clue about what I am talking about here. It is amazing how most people I talk to are enthusiastic when it comes to criticizing the current government; how they sound so convinced about what democracy is all about. My feeling is that most Cameroonians talk about democracy when it comes to what advantage it will bring to them. If all these people would really be that democratic in their egocentric mind, they would then be able to understand that you cannot deny to a large portion of the population their basic rights. It is a matter of common sense; you don’t need to be a rocket scientist to get it!
Concerning what should be done, I have to admit it is difficult to say at the present time. But I believe that you cannot solve a problem if you don’t even admit its existence, therefore, the Francophone majority MUST first admit that there is no equality between “Anglophones” and “Francophones” in Cameroon, except when it comes to paying taxes.
I welcome your opinion, this will allow me to further develop my argumentation and by the way, I am not an “Anglophone”, although I prefer NOT to be called “Francophone”. I am just an honest Cameroonian who wants to be proud of his bilingual home country.

Well BMX i couldn't agree with you more! Our government is certainly one that does not listen. How do we make them listen? Through elections? (Hi Dexter maybe you could answer that for me!) or through secession?
My opinion is that it has got to be one of the 2. Even the Bible says that if you try to make a brother see reason 3 or so times and he still doesn't listen, you know, you could let him be and move on, thus excluding him from the fold. Of course this doesn't mean that one should not forgive, for Jesus himself requires that as many times as we are offended we must forgive.

So 2 Options, Free & Fair Elections or Secession!
That to me is a fair deal, and as you well know, opinions are like onions, they can be planted anywhere, so i am entitled to mine.

BMX raises the issue of understanding democracy. He would like to see Cameroonians taking advantage not only of the benefits thereof but of the rights as well. Democracy is synonymous to tolerance and giving the other person a chance to survive as well. Giving the other person as chance to safeguard their culture, their beliefs, their way of life.
Unfortunately Cameroonian democracy is something different. None of the above-mentioned tolerance happens, in it's stead, what do we see?

A Marriage of two federal states:
Brief Credentials of The Groom (ladies please forgive the sexist tenet)
Colonial Philosophy: Assimilation
Independence from: France
Date: 1960 1st January
Proportionate Territory: Approx 80%
Resources: Mostly Agro based
Nature of Security: Army/Police/Gendarmes etc
Culture of Security Forces: (Brutality - maybe left over from the Maquisard era)
Utility Companies: Yes/Elec/Water/Tel

Brief Credentials of the Bride
Colonial Philosophy: Indirect Rule
Independence from: UK
Date: 1961 - 1st October
Proportionate territory: Approx 20%
Resources: Agro based plus Crude Oil
Nature of Security: Army/Police
Culture of Security Forces: "The Police is your Friend"
Utility Companies: Yes/Elec/Water/Tel

Now tell me which of the attributes of Anglophone Cameroon are left after 1972? Stories have been told of people leaving Anglophone Cameroon to seek relatives in Francophone Cameroun being jailed untill they found enough money to bribe simply because they approached the police for help! this is a fact!

All the erstwhile West Cameroon utility companies were dissolved by The French Cameroun. Today numerous villages and backwaters wallow in darkness as soon as the Cocks begin to roost. Water Supply networks established through the communal spirit of Anglophones have been allegedly taken over by SNEC and mismanaged.

Don't talk about roads, don't talk about education especially technical which was left at the mercy off a Francophone Minister of education.
Don't talk about the University student strike in which no Francophone student (Yaounde/ Douala etc) got killed, but in which it suited the police reinforcement brought in from Douala to kill innocent students whose only crime was to request for conditions which the Vice Chancellor of Buea University herself, Dorothy Limunga Njeuma in a world bank report, allegedly stated should be made available to the students just a few months ago. The report was published in Washington, read Cameroon Post for details, you may also check the World Bank site, maybe they will have the details.

So from the above, what would you say has been the benefit off Anglophone Cameroon from the union of 20th May 1972? 23 years on has it not been a huge loss of sovereignity? how many times have you had to be harrassed in the US? Do you not realise that you enjoy greater freedom in the USA than in Cameroon your own country? a place where you cannot even go to your neighbour without an ID card? A place where obvious foreigners with fake ID cards are allowed to move freely while an obvious indigene for reasons best know to the predatory police force are abused with wanton abandon?

Cameroonians are not culturally peaceful, do not fool yourself. The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia has details about Cameroon's early history and the litany of wars, invasions and mass migrations that resulted in the country as you know it today. Fulani, Hausa, Fang Kanuri and maybe even closer to you the historical rift that seems to exist between Bassa and Douala people, Why does the Douala Metropolis seem to have so many Bassa names and communities as you move away from the shore? It is alleged that the animosity began when the invading Sawa attacked the Bassa and moved them from their ancestral lands!

What about the Bamun/Tikar and the Bamilekes? Isn't it the descent of the peuls that caused them to also invade traditional Bamileke territory, thus sparking this apparent suspicion between the two groups?
Homme! Connais toi, toi meme! (Socrates, ..or some other philosopher...Date: somewhere in time)

So let us not pretend that Cameroonians are culturally peaceful. Are we more peaceful than Congolese or Rwandese or Angolans or Mozambicans? Or Maybe Liberians or Sierra Leonnians?
If the government does not right the wrongs, ca va barder! It is a promise! Man has never been known to just fold his arms and die, and believe me, people are dying...Cholera, Poverty you name it! thousands are risking life and limb tto seek greener pastures, what do you think will happen when they can no longer move and they still cannot find pasture at home? Your guess is as good as mine!

Come, my friend, Know your country! Learn and fight for it's freedom. today it is Anglophones who are crying foul and burrying their dead, From Bamenda to Buea, the funeral processions march, heads are bowed, hearts grieve and Hon. Foncha turns in his grave, for unleashing such venom on unsuspecting people.
Tomorrow, whose turn will it be? Yours? or Your Children's?[/b]

Two internal refractory issues preoccupied the proceedings of the third Congress. The political agenda and goals of the Congress were eclipsed by infighting and resource limitations. The continuing ideological rift between the Francophone Africans on the one hand and other African groups, including Anglophone Africans, West Indians and African Americans on the other hand preoccupied the London session. The issue of the division was Diagne's position that blacks should identify and develop within the colonial system. The competing view was that blacks should gradually move toward self-governance and gradual separation from Western powers. The European press reporting that the Congresses were affiliated with the Universal Negro Improvement Association, a nationalist organization that called for the demise of European colonialism, aggravated this division. The two leading Francophone leaders Diagne of Senegal and Candace of Guadeloupe used this erroneous characterization to distance themselves from DuBois and the PAC movement (Contee, 1969, Heiting 19691/5/01 11:11 AM.)

Thought I may paste a little bit of reading into this discussion. Seems like these issues have been going on for far too long. The act of colonization into Africa and all over this continent has taken civil people and made them into savage minded individuals. PanAfricanism Congressional meeting 1923 for further reading.

Che Sunday

To be fair with Forcha, he did proposed that Southern Cameroons be granted full independence, the questions of joining either Nigeria or La Republique be considered after a period of self government. This was rejected by the UK for an apparent lack of funds to support an independent Southern Cameroons state. This
may still have been a bad option but he proposed it.
The above quote from your post in response to mine is all you need to understand what I am saying. He did sugest, he did not consult or put it before the people he was leading. If he had done that, there would have been outright support for self governance.
2. We obtained self rule. Britain had troops in Cameroon, not the United Nations. She feared an invasion from either Nigeria or La Republique. I don't know if you lived through it, but I did and saw these troops.All what Britain needed to do was train our own troops and leave us to fend for ourselves.There is a minute chance that the western province could have vaulted from Ahidjo's brutality to join us.
We had a West Cameroon House of Assembly, and we had a premier and Head of governmemt. This interim period was not well managed as people spent time glorifying Foncha and demonizing Endeley. So it became a period of looking for the better suitor to hand us to. Guess what, our experience under an Igbo dominated Eastern Nigeria House of Assembly made Nigeria an unpalable choice. Knowing how much the Bamilikes had suffered, and were still suffering, what was the attraction that made Foncha took us there? And you tell me to be fair to him?
Finally, I was not acusing you of using the terms annexation, illegal occupation etc. Its a common reference used by many in this argument. The citations you listed are the reason why I keep saying a legal frame of reference with Britain as the defendant is a more plausible alternative than a military confrontation with La Republique. Bear in mind she has a military protocol with France and the latter will not hesitate to come running to defend its interest in our land. They will stop at nothing and will reduce our land to waste. I lived in Nigeria (Kaduna) through the Biafran war and can attest to the dark side of this alternative. Yes, we have a generation that is adrift from wanton marginalization, what you could lead them into in the out break of war is to say the least not something to contemplate. Finally, I am not saying you are advocating war. I am saying, in the absence of leadership with foressight, pegging our hopes on the SCNC will lead us to one thing, WAR. If that happens, will they be ready then to assemble a united force or keep seeking self glorification as currently being practiced?



My dear dutiful friends,

I agree with all of you( tayong, Rexon,Ma Mary) that a people must fight to liberate itself from the throes of this 21st Century enslavement.

I did not insinuate as per my intervention that Southern Cameroonians were lazy..No far from that, and I didn not say that Nelson mandela didnt carry on the fight for liberation till the end.

1st , we all know that the Southern Cameroonian is hard working and industrious. He is the architect of his own future, and receives no help from La Republique.2nd Nelson mandela comes in the picture to prove the point that we cannot tell for sure what will happen tomorow.

So I said if the Southern cameroonian pressure groups are not given the chance to realise their political goals, then we should as well be thinking of another channel by which to help better the future of our brothers, sisters and children.

It is worthwhile having this in mind again:


Well time may have eroded so many memories we had as young secondary school boys. But I know for sure, and am not lying, that presently with the silent eradication of the PWD , roads are being maintained by communities. A well organized effort would make these efforts yield even better fruits. We do not expect the government of bad faith to grade the roads from our palm plantaions do we??Even the CDC suffers in terms of road networks to facilitate transportation of its produce from farms to the roadside.

I see in this a collective lack of will to do the right thing..Poltics and rantings dont bring food to the table, but hard work and actions do.

We should search for proactive options to our collective bane, before it degenerates to a collective predicament.

Finally, I do not think it is wise not to develop our region simply because the occupational forces of La republique would make use of it.


while political progress of a people may stagnate because of the intolerant political landscape, Development is a predicator which should neer be made to stagnate....


Ma Mary

Katakata, I agree with this statement:


Some of such activity is already ongoing, but it is not easily tagged to the project for political liberation. Imaginations are at work as you are already challenging them.

We cannot give up our right to be free just because we are afraid of war, even though we are doing the best not to take things down that path. The funny thing is that war could visit us even with our hands folded and trembling. War could start in la Republique and spread in our direction. Do you think la Republique is not ripe for war? I think it is even more potentially explosive.

We should not also give up the strong historical, truth-based and legal argument and terminology in favour of weak words such as "marginalization". We should do that because we are afraid of Britain. La Republique has a law suit to answer, so does Britain. When it comes time to tax our selves to accomplish these things, please pay up. The "talk-talk" happens here, because this and other places is the market place where we meet those who are still straddling the fence and bring them over. Some of us have been working this process now for 15 years and we are dedicated to working it all our lives.

Remember that even the greatest power can crumble. Does the name Soviet Union still ring a bell? Lets quit living in fear and use our heads. There are no crazy people who want chaos and destruction here. We have no interest in losing one single Southern Cameroonian in a senseless fashion.

M Nje

Mr. Che Sunday,
Make no mistake I am not trying to give Forcha a break. I share your concern that if they (Forcha, Muna, Endeley, Mbile, Jua, et al) had united together to challenge the UK, we with have had our full independent. But that is the past. We have a chance now to fix it.

I share your view that we can embark on a legal framework for our course. But that is not the only avenue. We need to lobby one major power to our site. Imagine what Justice Ebong did in 1999 at radio Buea. All you needed was for the US to come out and announce that they support the move. It takes a while to lobby to that point but it is an alternative. It took just one person, Henry Truman, to recognized Israel and it became a state. I believe in aggressive diplomacy while other options are left open.

In the main time you must keep on exposing the ills that are being perpetuated to our people. It is only through such exposure that any future actions will win us any sympathy.

Make no mistake Mr. Che. I am not advocating for a perfect nation. But I have the conviction that our people will have a better situation if we had our own nation. The reason the British did not train our own troops, in my view, is simple: bad faith. While the accepted the mandate from the U.N. to prepare us for self -government or independence, they were actually preparing use to join with Nigeria. That was morally wrong and it is still wrong today. When it became clear that there was objection to join Nigeria especially from Forcha, they had to bring in the choice of La Republique. All of that in violation of our rights. I share with you that we have to pursue a case again them. As it stands today, if they yield to our demand for independence, I cannot see any move from France or La Republique that can derail it. At some point we have to go after them.

M Nje

The example you brought about SNEC is very common. I have heard about many other cases especially in villages that are experiencing a population growth.

It gives you an idea about how these guys think. They show up after the community has done the hard work. Their interest is in collecting taxes, even from villages, than in development

Dinga paul owona

Dear Mr.Tayong
its rather unfortunate that others got to you before me.There is an adage which reads
'until a man loses what he has then will he know its worth' Are you forseeing war in the country?
you seem to have completely castigated the system in which you find nothing good.
'If you got to see a masquarade well then you dont need to stand on one spot.'visit your neighbours then will you know how to appreciate the man Biya and his goernment.
Until i got out then did i know we are blessed not only with a wise,intelligent and well focused leader who is preparing the cameroonians to better survive in the highly competitive world.
No leader comes to power to perfect the system but to give his own quarter in the evolution of the life of that country.Emancipation and mental evolution is the path His Excellency Paul Biya has taken.Knowledge is power
As one of his students i am very proud in him.He has proven his genuity not only in domestic matters but also internation.We have been able to overcome many issues peacefully perhaps if it was anyother this country could have been thrown into total chaos.
He is God chosen and knows what is good for the country at any time.
A child is always stubborn to go to school at his early school years not knowing there lies his future.

Here is my postal address

Ba Njeko. T . T

p.o box 8285, Tema, Ghana


I could not believe my eyes when I read the following statement from a young Cameroonian "...Until i got out then did i know we are blessed not only with a wise,intelligent and well focused leader who is preparing the cameroonians to better survive in the highly competitive world."
Maybe in you and Biya's highly competitive world, there is an obligation to have the lowest denominator of morals and efficiency. In your competitive world, absenteeism is strongly encouraged;prolonged vacations in foreign lands and uncontrolled use of national resources replaces hard work and efficiency. In the world your Biya prepared for you through mental evolution, the same speeches and rhetoric are reiterated annually, promises made till thy kingdom come.In the mental evolution Biya indoctrinated you with, electoral fraud, gerrymandering and political gangsterism in the CPDM is greeted with much glee. A man would acquire a certificate of non-conviction from Biya's ministry after being convicted for murder and the sentence widely publicized in official gazettes of the state. Still in that same system, lackluster administration, dilapidated infrastructure, negligent officials, inefficient and corrupt customs etc all contribute to make viable system which if it were another country "it could have been thrown into total chaos."
So we see from this another attempt of deception that these CPDM permanently intend to inculcate.

My friend Owona, spend your time in Ghana learning from them. Study their electoral system, visit custom posts in Temale, Kumassi and Accra; set-up a business and follow the administrative procedures at the whole length. It is when you would realise that the dream world Biya left you in, is light years behind thriving democratic African states.

Jimmy Stan

'Inoni can smile like a christmas goat all he wants while cutting ribbons', Mr Targo i do not think this forum is meant for insults.
If u really think u can fight for this country then u better go to Cameroon, instead of writing nonsense in this forum


You just shut yourself on the leg.I cant imagine Feli taking you that serious after reading this. Owona you can be a great court gester for sure.Hear you..."wise,intelligent and well focused leader who is preparing the cameroonians to better survive in the highly competitive world...."

and again..."He is God chosen and knows what is good for the country at any time.." and as if that was not enough you quipped...."As one of his students i am very proud in him"

But after sending motions of support and singing halleluyah you shut yourself on the leg by signing under as thus:

"Here is my postal address
Ba Njeko. T . T
p.o box 8285, Tema, Ghana"

Everyone reading your write-up would expect you to have been writing from maybe that prosperous Mvomeka or elegant Nkolbison or Efolan but to make a mockery of yourself and your president who "knows what is good for the country" you have taken refuge in Ghana from excruciating poverty striken Cameroon. Dont worry , fron Ghana you may take off for Central African Republic and may end up in Chad.

Goodluck along the journey and inform us when you finally settle.



SC Workshop – Bamenda 11 February 2005.


“An annexed people is always for a king or an Emperor a matter of complex problems for his own people are always divided on the annexation like the annexed people themselves: he always has sleepless nights over them until the annexed people free themselves by sword or by negotiation, for the ashes of annexation are never completely cold”

Michiavelo Machiaveli

The problem which has been existing between the Southern Cameroons and La Republique du Cameroun since 1961 has been given many improper names:

i. Marginalization (political, economic, social, cultural, and linguistic);

ii. Lack of democracy in the domain of elections;

iii. Bad governance;

iv. Non-accommodation of Anglo-French bilingualism on the grounds of the

French domino theory;

v. Dictatorship;

vi. Lack or imbalance of Affectio societatis between Southern Cameroonians and


vii. Annexation

The last name, annexation, is the appropriate name: the first six have been in use since 1972; but annexation has been in use only since the peoples of the Southern Cameroons started their struggle for liberation in 1982 with the meetings of elites of the North-West and South-West provinces in Douala . These meetings served as the nucleus of what was to later to become the CAMEROON ANGLOPHONE MOVEMENT (CAM) in December 1991. CAM later transmuted to the SOUTHERN CAMEROONS RESTORATION MOVEMENT (SCARM) in July 1996. CAM popularized the name,

annexation, in its information bulletin called CAM Forum No. 2. Annexation is the appropriate name because it is justified in international law. The other names can be justified only in domestic law, that is, within the framework of a national constitution.

To justify the current struggle for independence for the Southern Cameroons and win the sympathy of the international community, SCARM all along has been focusing on the international status of the Southern Cameroons by exposing, explaining and upholding the struggle within the framework of international law. This has been done in four sections:

Section 1 – The physical and legal birth of the Southern Cameroons under international law;

Section 2 – The international legal existence of the Southern Cameroons from 1919 to 1946 under the Leagus of Nations;

Section 3 – The international legal existence of the Southern Cameroons from 13 December 1946 to 1961 under United Nations Trusteeship;

Section 4 – The international legal existence of the Southern Cameroons from its annexation on 1st October 1961 to the expected independence.



The Physical and Legal Birth of the Southern Cameroons under International Law.

The German colony of KAMERUN was lying between the British colony of NIGERIA and the French colonies of Tchad, Oubangui-chari , Congo and Gabon . At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 the British West African Frontier Forces from The Gambia, Sierra- Leone , Ghana (the Gold Coast) and Nigeria gathered at Ikom in Nigeria under the command of General CHARLES C. DOBELL. These British colonial troops entered the German colony of Kamerun and fought their first battle with German colonial troops commanded by Colonel Zimmermann at SANAKANG. The French colonial troops from Tchad, Oubangui-Chari , Congo and Gabon , under the command of General Joseph AYMERICH, entered KAMERUN to fight the German troops. The war lasted from 1914 till 1918 with the defeat of the German troops in Kamerun.

The British troops from the west and the French troops from the east had penetrated right inside the colony by 1916. The British Secretary for the Colonies, Alfred MILNER and the French Minister for the Colonies and Navy, Henri SIMON, realizing that their combined troops were about to capture German KAMERUN, drew a line in 1916 to partition the German colony between Britain and France. As the war progressed, Alfred MILNER and Henri SIMON signed an agreement to confirm the line in 1917: the agreement became known as the SIMON – MILNER AGREEMENT which shared the German colony of KAMERUN into two sectors for Britain in the West and for France in the East.

When the map of the partition was sent from London to General Charles C. Dobell, he unexpectedly rejected the map, sent it back to London in protest on grounds that the partition of the land from the sea – Tiko through Misselele to Muyuka - is the area where he lost many of his men, and that land had been put in the French Sector according to the map; so he could never accept it; that that piece of land must be in the British Sector. London rejected Dobell’s argument and refused to modify the map: Dobell threatened to fight the French troops which were already camping in the disputed area. Realising the seriousness of Dobell’s threat, London gave in and modified the map to include the disputed area in the British Sector as requested by Dobell. Dobell was later accused by the British of rebellion and insubordination and sent on punitive transfer to Rawalpindi in India ( Rawalpindi is today in Pakistan ).

The war ended in 1918 with the defeat of Germany and the partition of the German colony of KAMERUN. Britain and France set up administrations in their respective sectors. In 1919 Britain , France and Germany signed the Versailles Peace Treaty at LE PALAIS DES GALERIES DES GLACES ( Versailles – France ) on 28 July 1919. This treaty confirmed the Simon – Milner Agreement of 1916: and this was the physical and Legal Birth of the Southern Cameroons in international law binding Britain, France and Germany, and eye-witnessed by the United States.

It should be noted that during the war, the United States which had refused to fight alongside France and Britain when contacted, sold war materials to Britain and France according to the “Buy and Carry Act” passed by the US Congress as a diplomatic way of assisting Britain. “Buy and Carry Act” meant you buy them in cash. According to President Woodrow Wilson “we sell arms to you and you carry them away at once in one shipment to where you want and to do what you want”. When contacted to sign the Versailles Peace Treaty as a big power, Woodrow Wilson refused on the grounds that “we have not been defeated nor have we won in a war we have only heard of; but we should seat at Versailles as an observer”. The Versailles Peace Treaty, an international treaty, made the Simon – Milne Agreement boundary the permanent international boundary between the Southern Cameroons and La Republique du Cameroun du premier janvier 1960.


The First Specific International Status of the Southern Cameroons within International Boundaries.

Before the formation of the League of Nations, the international boundary of the Southern Cameroons on its eastern border was the one recognised by the Versailles Peace Treaty: on its western border, the international boundary was the one recognised by the Anglo – German Treaty of 1913. The League of Nations was founded as an international organisation to promote, maintain and keep peace around the world. As manager of international peace, the League of Nations put all the territories of German colonies captured during the war under a system of Mandatory Administration to mandated powers. Britain – France - Belgium became Mandatory Powers respectively for British Cameroons , Tanganyika , Papua New Guinea , British Togoland; French Cameroun, French Togo; Rwanda – Burundi .

The Southern Cameroons was given an international status in 1922 as a League of Nations Mandated Territory under British Administration. In 1931, the League of Nations requested Britain and France to landmark the international boundary between the British Cameroons and French Cameroun. So on 9 January 1931, the “Cameroons boundary Commission” met in London . Under the supervision of the League of Nations . Administrators of the British Cameroons and those of French Cameroun landmarked the international boundary by building concrete cement pillar marks along the boundary: each landmark was the object of a specific topographic document which was co-signed by the Administrators of both countries.


The Illegitimate and Illegal claim of Sovereignty over the Territory of the Southern Cameroons by La Republique du Cameroun on the grounds that the German colony of Kamerun ( Camereroes) became a German colony in 1884 by a Treaty signed between the German Consul GUSTAV NAGHTIGAL and the Kings of Douala.

That German colony comprised the current territory of La Republique du Cameroun and the British Cameroons; but the territory of German Kamerun has gone through a number of changes of its original boundaries over time. It is known that Germany , under Chancellor Von Bismark went out later for colonies because Von Bismark had in the past told the Reishtag (Parliament): “I do not need colonies”. But Bismark, pressured by Von Papin, decided later to get colonies especially in Africa . So Germany wanted the area from Tangiers to Casablanca in the northern part of Morocco , a French colony. The military governor of Morocco , General Lyanty, bitterly opposed the German request. France and Germany quarreled over Tangiers – Casablanca ; and in order to settle the dispute, France preferred to offer land to Germany in the heart of Africa where France had many large colonies: Gabon , Congo , Oubangui – Chari , Tchad. France ’s move was probably due to the fact that those four colonies were governed by civilian governors who, of course, were more amenable than a military governor like General Lyanty in Morocco , Biaut –Willaumez in Gabon , Saborgnan de Brazzo (an Italian) in Congo , Captain Lomy in Oubangui – Chari , and Reverend Father Foureau in Tchad. Germany accepted France ’s offer first by a treaty on 4 November 1911. A portion of Tchad and a portion of Congo were joined to the German colony. By a treaty on 1st October 1912, a portion of Northern Gabon was joined to Kamerun. On 1st February 1913, a very large portion of western Oubangui – Chari was joined to Kamerun. So France expanded the territory of German Kamerun by 275,000 square kilometers before the outbreak of the war in 1914. By the effect of war, the expanded German Kamerun was shared between Britain and France .

France and the Returned Lands from the expanded German Kamerun.

Two factors were at play:

1. The Mandate of the League of Nations ;

2. The bitter protests of the populations of the portions of French colonies which were attached to the original German Kamerun less than five years earlier. France took over its portion of the divided German Kamerun in a very brutal manner, especially by forcefully suppressing the German language. The French-speaking populations who were joined to German Kamerun soon tabled two complaints: first, that war was never fought in the areas they inhabited as it was in the German-speaking area; that they did not yet speak German well; secondly, that they were not colonized by the Germans; that they willingly collaborated with the French troops against German troops. So, considering all those complaints, France returned to its colonies their respective portions of territory she ceded to Germany by treaties. So the Mandate given to France was applied on its original portion of German Kamerun, that is, the current territory of La Republique du Cameroun since 1916.

La Republique du Cameroun cannot legally claim the territory of the Southern Cameroons ; La Republique du Cameroun has been claiming it as part of German Kamerun. How can a war booty believe that it is the father or mother of a twin war booty? The Southern Cameroons and La Republique du Cameroun are both monozygotic twins (from one egg) of the First World War. ( c/f: London – Cameroons Boundaries Commission – State Treaties Series No. CMD / 3639 / 03 – 9 January 1931).


The International Legal Existence of Southern Cameroons from 13 December 1946 till 1st October 1961.

After the Yalta Conference in 1944 - (Stalin (Soviet Union)– Franklin Delano Roosevelt (USA) – Orlando ( Italy ) – Winston Churchill ( Britain ) - the U.N.O. was formed on 24 October 1945 at San Francisco to replace the League of Nations . On 13 December 1946, the U.N.O. created its Trusteeship Council by UNGAR 63-111 to replace the Mandates System of the defunct League of Nations . By the same Resolution 63-111 of 13 December 1946, the UN appointed Britain – France – Belgium – Australia – New Zealand Administering Authorities for the same territories over which there had been mandated powers of the defunct League of Nations . The same day, 13 December 1946, the U.N.O. signed Trusteeship Agreements with each Administering Authority for the former Mandated Territories . By these Agreements the former Mandated Territories became known as UN Trust Territories under the Administration of the Administering Authority.

The UN and Britain signed the Trusteeship Agreement No Document A / 152 / REV2 for the British Cameroons ; and No. Document A / 155 / REV2 for La Republique du Cameroun

The Southern Cameroons then had its second specific international legal status as a UN Trust Territory. From 13 December 1946 the Southern Cameroons enjoyed its new international legal status through numerous UNGA Resolutions till 1st October 1961. The most important UN Resolutions on the Southern Cameroons in chronological order are:

· Resolution 338 – XI banning public corporal punishment within the territory: from this resolution, the popular 25 lashes were henceforth given as punishment inside a house, no more in the public view.

· Resolution 224 – 111 on the Administrative Union between adjacent UN Trust Territories under the same Administering Authority (see Nigeria and the Southern Cameroons as part of the Eastern Region of Nigeria till 1959 with Dr. E.M.L. Endeley as Prime Minister).

· Resolution 1282 – X111 of 13 July 1958 with British Report T./ 93 on the progress towards independence.

* Resolution 1350 – XIV on the principle of a plebiscite in the Southern Cameroons .

· Resolution 1352 – XIV of 16 October 1959 organizing the plebiscite in both Northern and Southern British Cameroons .

· Resolution 1608 – XV of 21 April 1961 on the independence and union with

La Republique du Cameroun.


The Plebiscites of 11 and 12 February 1961.

Definition of plebiscite:

It is a vote to confirm a decision which has already been taken: in case of a YES vote, the decision is maintained; in case of a NO vote, the decision should be called off and the process may be re-launched. But the Southern Cameroons plebiscite was not a de jure confirmation of the two questions put at the plebiscite. Any YES vote was a mere wish for union; it was due to have any legal effect only as it was later specified by Resolution 1608 –XV of 21 April 1961. So the YES vote for union with La Republique du Cameroun was not legally binding.

Already Resolution 1352 – XIV categorically stated in its paragraph 6:

“the Administering Authority should take steps to separate the Administration of the Southern Cameroons from that of Nigeria not later than 1st October 1960”.

This paragraph put La Republique du Cameroun and Nigeria on an equal footing so that on 1st October 1960, the day fixed by the UN for independence for Nigeria, L a Republique du Cameroun and Nigeria had no legal link with the Southern Cameroons. This put a legal end to the Administrative union according to Resolution 224.

By contrast, a referendum is a vote to authorize to take a decision to do something: the two procedures are not substitutive. The 1961 plebiscite was a vote on a projected legal union whose legal treaty was due to be worked out as prescribed by Resolution 1608.


The Debate on Resolution 1608 – XV at the UNGA on 21st April 1961.

The Draft Resolution was proposed by India (IYA JAIPAL and Chrishna MENON)

- Chairman 14th General Assembly: Lambertin Dinar ( Indonesia )

- Chairman of the Southern Cameroons item 13 and 41: Adnan PACHASI ( Iraq )

- Vice – Chairman: Miss Silvia Shelton Villalien ( Cuba )

- Djabal Abdo ( Iran ), Plebiscite Commissioner (seating with consultative status).

Take note that the vote was in three stages:

Round 1: Termination of the Trusteeship Agreement for the Southern Cameroons .

Round 2: Independence and its date.

Round 3: The Treaty and form of union between the Southern Cameroons and La

Republique du Cameroun.

The chairman opened the Debate by putting to vote the entire Resolution 1608 as drafted by the team chaired by M. Stravoulopos; and it was accepted by acclamation..

The chairman then put to vote the Rounds with the following results:-

- Round 1: 50 YES votes, 6 NO votes, 12 abstentions;

- Round 2: 50 YES votes, 6 NO votes, 12 abstentions;

- Round 3: Union in the form of a United Federal Republic of Cameroons [Cameroons in the plural (2 Cameroons: La Republique du Cameroun and the Southern Cameroons )]: 50 YES votes, 21 NO votes, 6 abstentions.

as specified in paragraph B.


A constitutional conference to be held to draft or workout an international Legal Treaty for the projected union with the assistance of Britain , the Southern Cameroons , La Republique du Cameroun, three experts in Constitutional and Administrative law. This Treaty of Union could legally validate the YES vote retroactively. According to the Law on Treaties (that is their legal system), the draft constitution must be approved by both parliaments of La Republique du Cameroun and the Southern Cameroons by a Vote of Acceptance after first and second readings to the House by the Speaker; readings during which probable questions on the sensitive points would be asked and answered as well as the psychological, semantics and syntaxes in the draft. If it is rejected, the work on these points must be done again satisfactorily. If it is accepted, it can be debated on its legal implications. After the debate, it can be ratified, meaning that it is good. Then a length of time is set for reflection on it; then after that time, it can be signed, making it internationally binding in international law.



There two kinds of federation: aggregative and segregative.

A Segregative Federation is a mode of governance by a sovereign state to resolve political, economic or cultural problems within the state – it is not recognized in international law – its members are generally called autonomous regions, provinces or districts: they are not states as defined by the international law. And in international law they cannot quit the federation because they are an integral part of the national territory.

An Aggregative Federation is the form of federation the Southern Cameroons voted for in the 1961 plebiscite – it is formed by sovereign states which have internationally recognised boundaries. Although the Southern Cameroons was not a sovereign and independent state, at the time of the plebiscite, it had its international legal status as a UN Trust Territory which allowed the Southern Cameroons to form an aggregative federation with La Republique du Cameroun. That was the reason why the UN could not simply ask the Southern Cameroons at the plebiscite to integrate itself into La Republique du Cameroun. It was on this legal ground that the UN envisioned the workout of a Treaty of Union for the projected federation according to the international law on Treaties. So one wonders why La Republique du Cameroun calls the Southern Cameroons a province of its territory. Members of an aggregative federation are called Federated States: each of them has the right to quit the federation. Examples of aggregative federations are: Federation of the Federated States of Micronesia in the South Pacific, Senegal / Gambia . The majority of federations around the world are segregative federations: Brazil , India , Nigeria , Argentina , Australia , Germany , etc.


The Foumban Conference: How it took place (c/f la Duperie du Foumban).

“As the Anglophones were given only three days to study the constitution that sealed their fate” .

Foumban is a calm, sunny and beautiful town, where Ahmadou Ahidjo used to go to for relaxation because of his twin friendship between Sultan Seidou and Arouna Njoya. According to eye-witnesses at the time, Foumban was an island of peace in a environment where terror reigned in the midst of an armed rebellion. Despite the enormous means in men and materials put at the disposal of the regular army, it was not easy for it to crush the rebellion led by the National Liberation Army of Cameroun, the armed wing of the UPC.

In the two weeks leading up to the Foumban Conference, it was reported that more than one hundred people had been killed by terrorists in Loum, Bafang, Ndom and Douala . The echoes of these killings rapidly spread across the Mungo and seriously worried a large number of unification advocates there. On several occasions, Foncha had to publicly express his worries; on July 3, 1961 in Douala he made the following appeal: “Those who are killing should return to legality and work for the greatness of this country”.

In that climate of high insecurity in the country, Ahidjo was very much worried about how to reassure the leaders of the Southern Cameroons ; so in deciding on the choice of Foumban as venue for the conference, Ahidjo thereby wanted to prove to those leaders that he was the master of peace. But Ahidjo’s choice was not completely without risks. Indeed Sultan Seidou and the traditional council of the Bamoun people have always been on the side of legality; but it should be remembered that Felix-Roland Moumie, a son of the soil, was one of the front leaders of the UPC, and as such , he had won many hearts over to the UPC cause; and he had even succeeded in introducing the doctrine of the UPC into the Sultan’s palace through one Mekou Samuel who was not only a friend but also the private secretary to the Sultan. Mekou Samuel had joined the UPC in the early days of its launching.

Even though the Koutaba military camp was there to reassure whoever, “the terrorists” of ANLK had proven that they mastered the field and could carry out any audacious attack wherever as was confirmed by the recent killing of the SDO, Albert Khong, through the complicity of DO Samuel Njouma.

In order to curb the infiltration of terrorists into Bamoun country, the authorities had tightened preventive security measures: after a short period of relative calm, a curfew was reinforced in all the administrative units around Foumban effective from the beginning of July. A stern communiqué issued by the prefet of Mbouda on July 3, 1961 to the populations that were used to violating the curfew warned that nobody should be found outdoors from 10pm to 5am in the Mbouda urban area, and from 7pm to 10pm in the assembling campus in the area of Bamboutos (camps commando); that from 6.30pm, only the vehicles of the administrative authorities, army and police were allowed to move. These same measures were taken in bafang, Bangante and Dschang.

On July 6, 1961 at the end of his tour in “Bamileke country”, the minister of justice pledged to the administrative authorities that “ he will inform the head of state about the encouraging feeling of the population about the very efficient fight against terrorism by the authorities”. The much publicised tranquillity and serenity and the paradisaical locality of Foumban was all fake. Of the date of 16 July 1961, only the people of the inner circle, like the minister of interior, Arouna njoya, knew that Foumban was nothing but an entrenched camp.

Intructions on preparations for the conference.

By all indications, one can believe that the principle to hold the constitutional conference in Foumban was adopted in the aftermath of the plebiscite of 11-12 February 1961 in the Southern Cameroons . Watch out! The Sultan of Foumban, Seidou Njoya, was one of the very few dignitaries who were at the Yaounde airport on March 3, 1961 to welcome Foncha who had come to brief Ahidjo on the outcome of the plebiscite. Five weeks later, precisely between 11 and 13 APRIL 1961, Ahidjo received in his palace, one after another, Njoya Arouna, and the nephew of the latter, Sultan Seidou Njoya of Foumban – since then, these three personalities, even before all of them died, people have always been tight lipped about the agenda of their meeting; but one may guess that the guidelines of the proposed constitutional conference were discussed during the underground meetings of the trio – Ahidjo – Seidou – Arouna. In fact, soon after that meeting, Yaounde (Ahidjo) sent strict instructions to the administrative authorities in the Bamoun country about the big projected event.

Without boasting his double capacity as eye-witness and as sous prefet of Foumban at that time, Emmanuel Njoya recounts the story as if it took place just two days ago. Let us listen to Emmanuel Njoya, now 92 years old, who was the sous-prefet of Foumban in 1961; hear him:

“ I became an administrative authority in 1955 as assistant DO of Foumban; from 1959 to 1963, I was the sous-prefet of the same town. Two months before the opening of the conference, the prefet, Jean-Marcel Mengueme, and myself were instructed and trusted with the organisation of the conference.

So while waiting for the politicians to come in for business, the prefet and the sous-prefet had to resolve the tedious problem of accommodation, feeding and transport of delegates as well as the animation of Foumban during the six days of the conference; decent houses hosting functionaries were requested; big farmers likeLaurent Guerpillon, Andre Blanc, Trolier et Charles Ock Dopher were solicited and contributed by putting at our disposal either a vehicle or a beautiful house; this local contribution was meagre compared to the huge means that were sent from Yaounde. As I must speak the truth, we cajoled, lured and enticed the Anglophones by our way of welcoming them; we were given so many things to prepare for the conference----- with all these things at our disposal, we lured the Anglophones.

Ahidjo and Foncha were accommodated in the Sultan’s palace where the Sultan himself took care of them. As concerns the others, we were given a special assignment to blindfold them: so each delegate had a refrigerator in his room, which was always full of champagnes and other assorted drinks; each big one among them had two refrigerators in his room, had a well-made bed with the most beautiful and expensive mattress and beddings. In addition, there were two beautiful girls who were assigned to permanently take care of him. These are the things which normally should not be told- these girls were instructed to permanently take care of our guests--that was real

corruption-corruption has always existed- it has not started today..but at that time, it was not corruption for selfish interests as it is the time it was good corruption to build the country.

As for the agenda of the activities, it included ballroom dances every evening throughout the week; cocktails followed by ballroom dances in Auberge de Foumban, prefet’s residence, sous-prefet’s residence, Dr. Herve’s residence; these were the logistics put in place when the delegations set foot on the soil of Foumban on July 16, 1961.

Arrival of delegations

First to arrive was the delegation of La republique du Cameroun du premier janvier 1960, headed by Ahmadou Ahidjo: it comprised Charles Assale (premier minister), Charles Okala (minister des affaires etrangeres), Josue Tetang (Secretaire d’Etat a l’Information), Christian Tobie Kuoh (Secretaire general du minister des Affaires etrangeres), the Guinea-Conakry-born Cheick Kekou Sissoko (chef du Secretariat particulierd’Ahmadou Ahidjo). Arouna Njoya(, Minister of interior, had been come ahead of the delegation to supervise the preparations for the conference.

The delegation of the Southern Cameroons left Tiko by a twin engine plane on the same 16 July 1961 and landed at Koutaba; as soon as it landed, the delegation left for Foumban by road where they arrived in the afternoon in the midst of an immense and enthusiastic crowd. It was made up of John Ngu Foncha, Emmanuel Liffaffe Endeley, Augustine Ngom Jua, Solomon Tandeng Muna, Nerius Namasso Mbile, John Bokwe, Bernard Fonlon; ten KNDP members, five CPNC members and two Ok members, and traditional rulers. At night fall, the delegation, still very tired after the long tedious journey from Tiko to Foumban, found solace for their tiredness by joining the immense crowd in singing and drinking; the ceremony was animated by Orchestre Irenee and Victor Priso band at the Auberge de Foumban.

The next day, 17 July 1961, the delegates, highly spirited, moved into the premises of the Cours complementaire (Teachers Training college). Consecutive speeches from Ahidjo, Foncha and Endeley lauded the singular opportunity for the come together. Endeley, leader of the opposition who had threatened to raise one hundred thousand men to break away and join Nigeria during the plebiscite campaigns, had already forgotten about that threat.

Opening the Conference by Ahidjo on July 17, 1961.

Ahidjo, standing by the edge of a very long table covered with a green cloth, opened the constitutional conference that brought together the delegates of la Republique du Cameroun and those of the Southern Cameroons which was still a UN Trust Territory evolving towards the termination of the Trusteeship Agreement and independence. Ahidjo said: “The Bamoun country which I have chosen to host this conference, and whose chief, Sultan Seidou, is our friend whom I warmly thank for welcoming us so heartily, is a country where one would like to go for rest and relaxation”. This is how Ahidjo justified his choice of Foumban as the venue for the conference.

Soon after the speeches, the trust and confidence of the Southern Cameroons delegation was rudely shattered by Ahidjo: to the surprise of the Southern Cameroons delegates, Ahidjo rudely requested them to make their observations on the Draft constitution. “Which constitution?” Southern Cameroons delegates shouted! They had thought that they had come to Foumban together with Ahidjo’s delegation in order to jointly draft a constitution for the future federal united state. They were very embarrassed to learn that the drtaft constitution had been handed to Foncha for screening and studying long ago; but Foncha kept the Document secret. The All Party Conference that held in Bamenda a month earlier had been the occasion to screen and debate the Ahidjo draft constitution. Mbile said: “ We have the feeling that we have waisted our time coming to Foumban for the draft to be tabled to us for our observations in this way. This is in total contradiction to our expectations; instead of a draft confederal constitution, we are being requested to make observations on a draft highly centralised constitution with unlimited powers; members of the CPNC delegation can now understand what Foncha meant when he said in the Akwa meeting hall in Douala on 13 July 1961: “the goals of the struggle have been completely achieved”.

Ngom Jua’s angry surprise seemed to indicate that even within the KNDP everybody was not aware of the handing of the draft constitution to Foncha. Bitter protests erupted from all round: the protesting Southern Cameroons delegation demanded that they should be given three more weeks to study the draft. They recalled the constitutional conferences of London in 1953, 1957, and 1958, each of them having lasted for at least three weeks.

Endeley warned: ”Too much haste would have far-reaching consequencies on the people of the Cameroons ”.

Ngom Jua screamed: “I have never seen people expected to write a constitution in two days!”

The tense atmosphere of unhappiness and protests caused one journalist to write: “ political observers are wondering if it is really here in Foumban in this rowdy atmosphere that the guidelines of a federal constitution are going to be effectively drawn”.

Finally, just after the mid-day meal, the Southern Cameroons delegation sat down to work in studying the Ahidjo draft constitution. The atmosphere was kafkaienne: counting on their experience gained during the constitutional conferences in London and Lagos (Lugard, MacPherson, Littleton constitutions) the Southern Cameroons delegates worked really hard on the Draft brought to them from Yaounde . While they were working in anger, distrust and suspicion, the francophones were relaxing calmly as they had spent months to draft the constitution with the assistance of French experts in constitutional law.

The atmosphere of the workshop was often rowdy; from time to time delegates shouted in protest and in anger. According to Namasso Mbile, Foncha, feeling guilty for having deprived his colleagues of the opportunity to study the draft at the All Party Conference in Bamenda, adapted a low profile throughout the working session.

On Thursday night, the Southern Cameroons delegation handed the report of their work to the francophone side: the report contained amendments demanded by the Foncha delegation on the following points:

1. The Flag.

2. National Anthem.

3. Motto

4. Federal Capital to be in Douala .

5. Electoral maturity at 21.

6. Secret ballot.

7. Powers and attributions of the federal president.

8. Presidential mandates limited to two.

9. A federal assembly made up of a national assembly and a senate.

10. Double nationality.

11. Primary and Higher education system.

12. Cancellation of the word INDIVISIBLE from the constitution.


The next day, Friday, July 21, 1961, the last plenary session was opened by Ahidjo with fanfare and festivities as many traditional dance groups from all over Bamoun country had been converging at Njinka since dawn , and the festivities went on till 4pm.

At 4pm Foncha took the floor and congratulated everyone for the team spirit and fraternity that prevailed during the working session.

Endeley took the floor after Foncha and warmly thanked Sultan Seidou for the lavish welcome given to them and expressed his high satisfaction for the success of the work; he concluded as follows:

“Mr. President, we shall always be completely loyal to you whenever you should request our collaboration for the larger interests of Cameroon ”.

At 4.30pm, Ahidjo took the floor to address the plenary session; he swiftly and rudely gave answers to the demands of the Southern Cameroons delegation for amendments to the draft constitution. A second shock awaited the Southern Cameroons delegation: Ahidjo, in a rather dictatorial manner, brushed aside all the demands tabled by the Southern Cameroons delegation. He said:

“The word indivisible will be cancelled, but a clause guaranteeing the integrity of the federation and preventing any possibility of secession shall be introduced. For lack of big financial means, there is no room for a bicameral parliament; the House of Chiefs will be maintained; Yaounde must remain the federal capital. -There is no room for double nationality; -The president and the vice-president shall be elected by universal suffrage. -While waiting for the setting up of new institutions, the functions of the federal president and federal vice-president shall be performed by the president of la republique du Cameroun and the prime minister of the Southern Cameroons”

The Foumban conference did not satisfy the prescription of UN GA Resolution 1608 (XV) of 21 April 1961, neither in form nor in substance.


The Independence of La Republique du Cameroun du premier Janvier 1960

The United Nations, by UNGAR 1349 – XIV of 13 March 1959 decided to grant independence to le Territoire soustutelle l’ONU du Cameroun sous administration francaise on 1st January 1960. The Territory did achieve independence on 1st January 1960. The British permanent representative at the UN, Sir Andrew Cohen, represented Britain at the independence ceremony.

A Constitutional referendum was held on 12 February 1960. On 4 March 1960, the constitution as approved by the referendum was promulgated.

- On 10 April 1960, presidential elections took place: the president was elected by the Depute’s at the National Assembly. There could not be elections by universal suffrage because there was an insurrection ravaging the country. Ahidjo had only one opponent, Abel Eyinga, who was not residing in Cameroun but in Algeria as a lecturer in the Faculty of Law in Algiers and France .

- On 28 January 1960, the newly independent La Republique du Cameroun applied for UN membership.

- On 20 September 1960, by UNGA Resolution 1476 – XIV La Republique du Cameroun was granted UN membership.

- On 6 August 1961, the National Assembly amended the constitution of 4 March 1960 by 88 YES votes, zero NO votes, and 6 abstentions.

- On 1st September 1961, the amended constitution was promulgated as the federal constitution of the Federal Republic of Cameroon. This was done in total violation of the strict and specific prescriptions of the UNGA Resolution 1608 –XV of 21 April 1961 on the projected union between La Republic du Cameroun and the Southern Cameroons as the outcome of the UN-sponsored plebiscite of 11 and 12 February 1961 in the British Cameroons . The federal constitution of 1st September 1961 was signed by the president of La Republique du Cameroun, Ahmadou Ahidjo, alone; never by John Ngu Foncha, the Prime Minister of the Southern Cameroons .


La Republique du Cameroun and the Southern Cameroons were not a Franco – British Condominium:

A condominium is a Latin word meaning a house jointly managed by two equal masters. So a condominium is a territory jointly ruled by two powers according to a treaty they signed in international law. Examples of condominiums are: the present island of St. Martin in the West Indies = Netherlands West Indies, Aruba – Bonaire – Curacao – Saba – St. Martin – St. Eustache . St. Martin is jointly ruled by France and The Netherlands. The New Hebrides (today Vanuatu ) was a Franco – British condominium; it was a bilingual French – English condominium. But take note that a condominium is not necessarily a matter of languages: the language factor is incidental. So a condominium could be monolingual. What is important is its international legal status. In the case of New Hebrides, four months before Britain and France granted independence, a senior citizen of the English Sector, Stephen Maleku, unilaterally proclaimed a separate independence for the English Sector. (He wanted the territory to achieve independence, then become a confederation of two states. As Stephen put Britain and France before a fait accompli, while Britain was still reflecting on the issue, France hurriedly sent 400 gendarmes from La Nouvelle – Caledonie, a nearby French colony, to occupy Port - Vila , the capital of New Hebrides and forcefully stopped Stephen’s move. Britain bitterly complained to France , saying that by opting unilaterally for a military solution for the condominium’s problem, France had instead complicated the situation as Moleku’s move for separate independence was based on the brutality of the French administration.

La Republique du Cameroun cannot even pass through a legal status of a condominium to annex the Southern Cameroons since such locus standi does not exist. La Republique du Cameroun has been arguing verbally and very emotionally on a non - existing condominium. The 1961 plebiscite and the fake bilingualism crudely imposed on both La Republique du Cameroun and the Southern Cameroons do not make the two countries a condominium because condominium is a matter of international law. And not that of Anglo-Saxon + Greco - Latin linguistics. La Republique du Cameroun has been brandishing its de facto bilingual condominium at home but at the same time brandishing itself as a monolingual francophone unitary state at the international level. On one hand La Republique du Cameroun is imposing a de facto Anglo – French condominium on two neighbouring former UN Trust Territories with separate Trusteeship Agreements, and on the other hand imposing a unitary state on an illegal defunct two-state federation. This is blatant dubious contradiction!


The Administration of La Republique du Cameroun in the Southern Cameroons since 1st October 1961.

According to La Republique du Cameroun, the constitutional amendment made on 6 August 1961 on la constitution de la Republique du Cameroun du premier janvier 1960, was meant to accommodate the Southern Cameroons as the western part of German Kamerun. We now know all about the German colony of Kamerun from the preceding legal analyses. The Constitutional Amendment of Yves Bie’ville, the French jurist who drafted the constitution of 4 March 1960, was a mockery of international law, the international community, and the United Nations. The amended constitution could in no way become a Treaty of Union in international law as prescribed by UNGAR 1608 (XV) of 21 April 1961.

On the grounds of the amended constitution, la Republique du Cameroun moved its troops and administration into the Southern Cameroons on 1st October 1961 and has since been ruling the Southern Cameroons in the same brutal manner in which France ruled its portion of the divided German Kamerun. The administration of la Republique du Cameroun in the Southern Cameroons is null and void ab initio: it is illegitimate and illegal. It is a civil – cum military administration. The cardinal legal principle, tantum appelatum, quantum revelatum, meaning that the judge of the Appeal Court cannot have the right in a civil matter to grant more than it was requested by the Magistrate Court . The principle does not apply between the Southern Cameroons and la Republique du Cameroun because la Republique du Cameroun has no right to belittle the Southern Cameroons as its province, as if la Republique du Cameroun is the alter ego of the Southern Cameroons . This is because the international status of the Southern Cameroons under the League of Nations , then under the U.N.O., cannot be changed.

La Republique du Cameroun has no right to judge positively or negatively the results of the 1961 plebiscite and use that to annex the Southern Cameroons because nemo crime sine legi – there is no crime (offence) without a text of law which defines and punishes the incriminating act. So by voting, and voting YES in the plebiscite, the Southern Cameroons did not commit an offence punishable by La Republique du Cameroun by annexation as penal punishment.

La Republique du Cameroun has been benefiting enormously from the annexation of the Southern Cameroons in violation of the Latin legal principle nemo nudutur propriam turpitudi – nobody should benefit in any way whatsoever from a crime he has committed.

La Republique du Cameroun has been arguing that the Southern Cameroons has no utis possedetis juris on 1st October 1961; that the Southern Cameroons was an empty piece of land that La Republique du Cameroun annexed to civilise and develop. The argument has no legal basis because the Southern Cameroons had utis possedetis juris - international legal status publicly recognised. As a UN Trust Territory the Southern Cameroons had utis possedetis juris by the Mandate of the League of Nations , and by the UN Trusteeship Agreement.

In addition, the Southern Cameroons was jointly administered with the Eastern Region of Nigeria within the international legal framework of UNGA Resolution 224 – 111 on the Administrative Union between adjacent territories under the same Administering Authority. There is no modification of international boundaries between States by domestic or internal law. The constitution of a state being a fundamental internal law,

la Republique du Cameroun cannot legally justify how it modified its international boundaries, as we have demonstrated earlier, with the Southern Cameroons for its own benefits.

The peoples of the Southern Cameroons, in their daily life, accept all acts of constitutional law, civil law, criminal law, and administrative law imposed on them by La Republique du Cameroun as Actes of bienseance, that means, Acts which one does not like, but toterates them in order to survive.


The International Legal Status of the Southern Cameroons since 1st October 1961 to date.

La Republique du Cameroun started to govern the Southern Cameroons from 1st October 1961 when the Treaty of Union had not yet been worked out as prescribed by UNGA Resolution 1608 –(XV) of 21 April 1961. The international legal situation in the Southern Cameroons on 1st October 1961 was that, without a Treaty of Union, the Southern Cameroons smoothly moved backwards from the status of a UN Trust Territory it had from 12 December 1946 till 1st October 1961, to the status of a UN Territory the Southern Cameroons had on 11 December 1946. In between the adoption of the UN Resolution 63 – 111 that created the UN Trusteeship Council, and subsequently appointed Britain as the Administering Authority for the Southern Cameroons, and the signing of the Trusteeship Agreement No Document A / 152 / REV2 for the Southern Cameroons between the UN and Britain on that same date 13 December 1946.

The formation of the UN Trusteeship Council having abrogated the Mandates System of the League of Nations of 1922 (and) the Trusteeship Agreement for the Southern Cameroons therefore replaced the Mandate Britain had on the Southern Cameroons from 1922 till 13 December 1946. The situation, simplified, is that on 1st October 1961, the Southern Cameroons had not been granted any independence, neither according to Article 47 paragraph B of the Charter of the United Nations, nor according to UNGA Resolution 1608 –(XV) in the 994th plenary session on 21 April 1961 which granted independence by joining whose international legal Treaty for the projected Union had not been worked out on the date fixed for independence (1st October 1961).

So, through a cool-minded legal analysis, one can understand that since 1st October 1961, La Republique du Cameroun has been forcefully occupying and governing a UN Territory. The difference between a UN Trust Territory and a UN Territory is that a UN Trust Territory is governed by an independent and sovereign State according to a contract or mandate signed between the country and the UN; whereas a UN Territory is directly governed by the UN through its permanent representative it appoints to the Territory. The UN representative should in no way be a native of that territory: He / she is called, the UN Administrator, governor. As the Administering Authority, the UN Administrator governs the territory in preparation for independence.


The Way to Independence for the Southern Cameroons

The way to Independence for the Southern Cameroons is in the hands of the UN. The UN should follow the same path it took to grant independence to other UN territories. It must be noted that the Southern Cameroons is a particular UN Territory as it had been annexed by La Republique du Cameroun and France through an orthodox independence-by-joining that the UN granted the Southern Cameroons in 1961.

The Southern Cameroons today is in the same situation as the three Baltic States ( Estonia – Lestonia – Lithuania ). Let it be recalled that the latter three states were granted independence by the League of Nations, and the independence was later suppressed by the Soviet Union which then annexed them on the grounds that as small neighbouring states, it was their weakness that allowed the German troops to crush them very easily and then crossed their international boundary with the Soviet Union into St. Petersburg.

But with Glassnok and perestroika brought by Mikail Gorbatchov, the latter states regained their lost independence through the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation (UNPO) and the UN.

Another way out for the Southern Cameroons is that the UN may simply implement the UNGA Resolution 1514 – (XIV) of 14 December 1960 on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Territories and Peoples.



The best political 'statement' the SCNC can now make is to bring down that bridge before 2008.Thanks

Danny Boy

Hi Rexon, I agree almost totally with your reply to Katakata above. Katakata, in his posting means well too, but he missed or forgot the dictatorial nature of the regimes we have been dealing with. These guys are control freaks who will stymie any private initiatives that threaten their rule or mis-rule over that territory. They are simply cuckoos, literally.
I do not know if what I am going to say, substantiates this argument or is a digression. It is this, in the seventies when the late Pa Nanga built his home just after Atua-kum, he tarred his road(about a kilometre!), branching off from the main road leading to Bali, Batibo and Mamfe. Given his resources and wealth at the time, one would suppose he could have tarred this road from the Hospital Roundabout all the way to his home. Why did he not do this?
This was a question or topic of debate that occupied our minds in those days as our taxis danced and weaved their way towards Bali and Batibo. There were those who thought this man was selfish and others who thought the government would not let him to.
Maybe somebody somewhere can through a bit more light on this vexing question. As Rexon has intimated above, you will need their authorisation to place a slab on that highway. I am of the opinion that, the authorities denied Pa Nanga the wish to tar that road from the Hospital Roundabout to his home and maybe beyond.
What do you, any of the elders think? Blessed be Cameroon.


Danny Boy,
It is not a matter of your opinion; Pa Nanga actually opted to tar that stretch of road from present Azire church to his compound, but the government did not give him the go ahead.

Rexon is absolutely right that government authorisation is needed to place a slab on the highway.



I met someone today (one old Southern Cameroonian stateman who is above 80) who told me that, u were the lawyer for Ndongmou (if my spelling is right) against the regime.



I am thankful to God for providing us with great Southern Cameroonian statemens like u. People who will always stand for the truth. If there were many like u, we would have achieved our freedom long ago. But we are struggling to train nationalist who will not be lured into the romance with La Republique and who will stand for the truth at all times.

Cheers and May God Bless u to be with us for many more years.


Simpleton ricardo will keep adding chorus to colonial hymne from his goombahs till you brutes and CUR Munt will be flushed from the Erstwhile Southern Cameroons.After throwing up due to the fact that,your illegal presence in the Erstwhile Southern Cameroons,and the senesce rulers leading its prosecution will be made numb howsoever,you find solace in thanking foreign financial AID and their bridge builders since 1960 for re-erecting the bridge mean to plunder the resources from your colonial turf.Where do you keep the funds derived from plundered resources?Where are your own builders and engineers?Oh,the've been besieged by the always too powerful rotgut.Abashed!You know only cameroun is one and indivisible.Truely,a dystopia that is indivisible,and can only be appended to your invariable,colonial,shylocking Cameroun junta,and her gang of solipsist,sanguinary colonial prosecutors.Friends of dorothy!Your colonial emotion and hysteria has been eclipsing your judgement of events,situations and facts so glaringly written and presented in the most possible and courteous form,mayhap due to glaucoma pressure.Blots in Africa!Ricardo an ilk ,don't forget there is a life cycle for everything. If you will leave this mundane earth one day,then subjugation,engineered and prosecuted by some of us will one day leave too.Small time rogues!


Howdy Rexon!
I'm nil REDE,let alone being once for Bishop Ndongmu.If i'm not in my amnesia,my knowledge is that he was defended by Lawyer Gorji Dinka,the then Federal BAR president when he was accused by ahidjo imperium for aiding Nigerians who came to establish a religious faith in the then Federal republic. I'm a Jones with little despondence for justice and continuing .......... sote soteeee .....!!!!!!


The Thankfooling of Foreign Aid.

Must Our Projects Wait For Foreign Aid? by Jaff Ndibala in Douala

Government seems to have abandoned the development of its infrastructures in wait for God-sent manna from its foreign friends.
Since the advent of the present administration, the erstwhile five-year plans published to streamline the major projects to be executed within the period are no longer heard of.

Cap in hand, Cameroon has been permanently pestering donor nations and institutions to finance its projects. Meantime, when the state budget is under vote, some high echelons of the regime would brandish the projects to be financed from the budget. Most of these vaunted projects usually end up as dead letters.
Cameroon embarrassed economic pundits as it fought hard to be admitted into the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative, HIPC-I. After seemingly back-door negotiations with the Breton Woods, Cameroon finally reached the HIPC-I Completion Point last year. One year after, the fruits of this resounding success, they say, are yet to sprout, in spite of the numerous debt write-offs.

ADB President.

Ignored But Giant Projects
To start with, the rehabilitation of the indispensable Wouri bridge in Douala was a glaring example. When it was alleged the bridge was on the verge of collapse, our panicky Government rushed to our colonial masters to beg for finances to repair the half-century old structure.
The French Development Agency, FDA heeded and chipped in FCFA 7 billion. Cameroon doled out only half of the FDA sum, worth FCFA 3.6 billion. When taxes were included, the Wouri bridge repair budget soared to FCFA 13 billion.
What if the FDA never responded positively? The French later imposed their contractor, UDECTO, a French company based in Togo, to execute the works.
UDECTO's slow pace in implementing the contract attracted Government's wrath. But UDECTO veered round to demand for indemnities for the damages incurred, when the repairs were grounded as Government was still expecting HIPC funds.
French diplomatic pressure forced Cameroon to back down and pay an additional FCFA 4 billion to UDECTO.
As soon as UDECTO repatriated these funds, it started bungling on the bridge. The state breached the repair contract, signed on 22 April, 2003, indicating the works must be completed within 28 months
UDECTO sneaked away, without reimbursing Cameroon. The French brought in FCFA 7 billion but left with 14 billions. Repairs on the bridge have been stalled.
Another regrettable case was the Limbe Shipyard Project, which entailed constructing a modern facility for the repairs and refurbishments of oil rigs and deep draft vessels.
It was alleged Government waved away the close to FCFA 100 billion
(US $ 200 million) worth project, as the incumbent boss of Cameroon Shipyard and Industrial Engineering (CNIC), Zaccheus Forjindam went shopping for state funds for the facility.
In the end, Cameroon chipped in a meagre FCFA 10 billion (US $ 20 million) of the project budget. Eighty percent of the funds came from the African Development Bank (ADB), Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA) and the ORET Fund (Holland).
Today, President Biya brazenly admitted in one of his end-of-year addresses that CNIC was an example to emulate.
The last example in this series is the Mungo Bridge, which Prime Minister Ephraim Inoni commissioned last Friday. Government went head-scratching on learning the 1 July, 2005 collapse of the pivotal Mungo bridge, linking East and West Cameroon. Again, Cameroon Shipyard stepped in; install a pontoon, which still survives today.
Government bootlicked in Europe to secure funds amounting to FCFA 4 billion from the Kingdom of Belgium, to build a new bridge. At its completion point, the cost rose to more than FCFA 5 billion.
While commissioning the architectural edifice, Chief Inoni was proud traffic between his native South West and the Littoral would be rekindled. He rightly described the bridge as a unifying factor and a vestige of the Reunification of East and West Cameroon.
But how much did his Government contribute to the project? Barely over FCFA one billion.

Ma Mary

The excellent piece posted by Ndiks might be long and challenging to read onscreen. Here is a link where you could get the same piece. Heck, this site can even read the article to you if you click MP3.
The most important job of the Southern Cameroons movement at this point is increasing consciousness. If you do one thing this weekend, it is to sit down for and hour and absorb this wonderful article.

Ma Mary

Here is the site. Just click HERE.

Dinga paul owona

Thanks Tayong
You are just a pure image of my past in the days of total blindness and ignorance.Are you voicing what you have been thought or does it emanate from a personal observation.You need time for maturity and acquisation of widom.
The only reason why i decided to participate in this forum is that i think we owe our brothers and sisters back at home and other paths of the world who are not moving forward but living in a state of imagination.
The person you become does not depend on wfere you are but on who you are.i am in Ghana for studies and believe when i return home i will try to find you to actually know you better.
We in the CPDM are responsible and dignitarious men and women not louzy and irrational thinkers who get up one morning and start chasing the shadow,poisoning the minds of the ignorant ones
Have a goodday


Some interesting ranking: Douala ranked the most expensive city in Africa and interestingly more expensive than any city in Germany.

According to the ranking of the top 50 most expensive cities in the world, Douala is the 24th most expensive city in the world while Moscow top the list. Details can be found at the links below. Unfortunately the links are in German, however the classification table does not require knowledge of German to follow.,1518,489156,00.html,1518,489194,00.html

Dinga Paul Owona,
You must be trying to defend the tax payers money that has been stolen and given to you to squander in Ghana.
Why can your CPDM not upgrade higher education in Cameroon to the level of Ghana that has attracted you there?


Dinga Paul,

Yeah guy, u believe in your ideas. But check well, u will realise that u are a devil incarnate. Anybody who does anything for, or with the CPDM and even those helping legitimise their inexistant democracy is a devil incarnate. so sir, u are nothing but one.

Dinga paul owona

Dear Editor
Permit me to seize this opportunity to channel this information to fellow Cameroonians in West Africa:Nigeria,Benin,Togo and Ghana and especially members of the CPDM party.
In view of the up commit summit meeting of African head of state.we intend carry out some preparations to Welcome our father.His Excellency president Paul Biya.
If you wish to join us kindly call
00233289117067 or


For detail discusions

Ba Njeko T T

Che Sunday

When the hell did you leave Cameroon? So much could be tolerated in the name of freedom of speech, but when you begin to use the word wise in the same context with Paul Biya, I begin to see you as belonging to a generation of humans whose relics can only be found with those of dinasaurs. If you think Biya has Cameroon's interest at heart, why don't you go back home and try getting a job. When you finally get one and get paid, come back to this forum and lets talk.

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