Bloggers' Club

  • If you write well in English and have strong opinions please CLICK HERE to blog at Up Station Mountain Club.

Search this Site

August 2020

Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31          

Jimbi Media Sites

  • AFRICAphonie
    AFRICAphonie is a Pan African Association which operates on the premise that AFRICA can only be what AFRICANS and their friends want AFRICA to be.
  • Jacob Nguni
    Virtuoso guitarist, writer and humorist. Former lead guitarist of Rocafil, led by Prince Nico Mbarga.
  • Postwatch Magazine
    A UMI (United Media Incorporated) publication. Specializing in well researched investigative reports, it focuses on the Cameroonian scene, particular issues of interest to the former British Southern Cameroons.
  • Bernard Fonlon
    Dr Bernard Fonlon was an extraordinary figure who left a large footprint in Cameroonian intellectual, social and political life.
  • George Ngwane: Public Intellectual
    George Ngwane is a prominent author, activist and intellectual.
  • PostNewsLine
    PostNewsLine is an interactive feature of 'The Post', an important newspaper published out of Buea, Cameroons.
  • France Watcher
    Purpose of this advocacy site: To aggregate all available information about French terror, exploitation and manipulation of Africa
  • Bakwerirama
    Spotlight on the Bakweri Society and Culture. The Bakweri are an indigenous African nation.
  • Simon Mol
    Cameroonian poet, writer, journalist and Human Rights activist living in Warsaw, Poland
  • Bate Besong
    Bate Besong, award-winning firebrand poet and playwright.
  • Fonlon-Nichols Award
    Website of the Literary Award established to honor the memory of BERNARD FONLON, the great Cameroonian teacher, writer, poet, and philosopher, who passionately defended human rights in an often oppressive political atmosphere.
  • Scribbles from the Den
    The award-winning blog of Dibussi Tande, Cameroon's leading blogger.
  • Omoigui.com
    Professor of Medicine and interventional cardiologist, Nowa Omoigui is also one of the foremost experts and scholars on the history of the Nigerian Military and the Nigerian Civil War. This site contains many of his writings and comments on military subjects and history.
  • Victor Mbarika ICT Weblog
    Victor Wacham Agwe Mbarika is one of Africa's foremost experts on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs). Dr. Mbarika's research interests are in the areas of information infrastructure diffusion in developing countries and multimedia learning.
  • Martin Jumbam
    The refreshingly, unique, incisive and generally hilarous writings about the foibles of African society and politics by former Cameroon Life Magazine columnist Martin Jumbam.
  • Enanga's POV
    Rosemary Ekosso, a Cameroonian novelist and blogger who lives and works in Cambodia.
  • Godfrey Tangwa aka Rotcod Gobata
    Renaissance man, philosophy professor, actor and newspaper columnist, Godfrey Tangwa aka Rotcod Gobata touches a wide array of subjects. Always entertaining and eminently readable. Visit for frequent updates.
  • Francis Nyamnjoh
    Francis B. Nyamnjoh is Associate Professor and Head of Publications and Dissemination with the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA).
  • Ilongo Sphere
    Novelist and poet Ilongo Fritz Ngalle, long concealed his artist's wings behind the firm exterior of a University administrator and guidance counsellor. No longer. Enjoy his unique poems and glimpses of upcoming novels and short stories.

  • Up Station Mountain Club
    A no holds barred group blog for all things Cameroonian. "Man no run!"
Start Geesee CHAT
Start Geesee CHAT

Up Station Mountain Club Newsfeed


Conception & Design


  • Jimbi Media

  • domainad1

« 2007 Legislative And Municipal Elections | Main | The Post Front Page-Monday, June 11, 2007. »

Monday, 11 June 2007

Comments

Feed You can follow this conversation by subscribing to the comment feed for this post.

Akoson


"...The essence of the exercise, according to Finance Minister, is to know the pay roll, know the number of temporary workers, and what the government spends monthly on salaries..."

All this while the government of La Republique du Cameroon has been working without knowing exactly (or in perefct rough estimate) what it pays its workers. The sickening and rotten state of that country is just undescribable. This is execrable!

Watesih

This is a government that has a blueprint of living on debts.They sign loans year in year out,but we don`t see what is done with the money.When civil servants are expecting some fall outs from the HIPIC vague sing-song,the state is talking about lending them advanced salaries.This is just putting the cart before the horse.If some money has been secured as a result of the census,why not add a widow's mite to Civil servants's salaries? This idea of allowing parents to take advanced salaries has often left them in debts all their lives.All of this has spilled from the French system where the state is seen as a parent,and milking cow that must cater for the needs of the citizens.People cease to work hard ,or even save money,knowing fully well that they will borrow money when children have to go back to school,and at Christmas.The state wouldn`t have reinstated this their "Privilege" ,because it is better for parents to make do with the little they have ,and also to be encouraged to save money than keep borrowing for temporary pleasures. When the state gives out loans for major projects,new structures,and business endeavours are put up.The dividends that come withal are nothing but good for the economy.The state cannot be increasing fees in various Universities around the country, and at the same time forcing parents to take loans to pay for this.These double standards cannot help our society.It is advisable to abolish fees,and make student loans available to the students.It becomes every student`s personal responsibility to borrow ,and pay for his education,counting on his or her ability to payback the money in the future.

Jesco

Elections propaganda!!! Why not wait till elections are around the corner to propose flimsy reforms to further indebt Cameroonians. Propose us tangible reforms Mr. Ministers.

AngloCameroonian

At last the CPDM have a message to the hungry and the foolish! Money!!!

"Vote for the cpdm because only the cpdm can pay salaries and in 'advance'!"
Emptiness.

Danny Boy

Indebtedness is not a bad thing. The only problem here is that the Government wants to perform the function of a bank, which she is not. Let civil servants go to their respective banks, into which their salaries are paid, and negotiate for overdrafts, loans and mortgages. The government can act as "surete" and make sure salaries are paid on time, so that these borrowers do not incur any charges.
Most western economies today are built on borrowing/debt. If our nations coffers are over-flowing with monies, then there must be something wrong (literally!). For this implies that the purported "grande ambitions" programme has been accomplished.
Very interesting indeed.
As someone has already implied above, this is election year and we should not be fooled by such spin.
In summary, can I earnestly say, borrowing is not bad per se. It depends on what you are borrowing the money for. You do not need to have all the money in hand to start a project. I am no sympathiser or an apoligist for this government, but it will be wrong of me and any others who know differently, not to advise or speak up for what is an economically sound practice.
We all have the interest of our people at heart. It took a quantum leap to convert a certain Saul into Paul. May be this one is getting the message.
Let us see what happens after the elections.
Blessed be Cameroon.

MBSA

Well, they have come up with another way to create wealth for the under privilege "borrow". What happen to all the money that was given after the completion of HIPIC initiative - still in french banks. To revive this enonomy, these theives don't need to lend monies to folks who are already having difficulties to make ends meet, they just have to increase their salaries to enable them to have the year round spending power they deserve. In reality government has never been an engine of building economies, is the private sector and the people's spending powers that builds economies. Why did these few bone heads think they will play the role of banks? what kind of economist are they? I'm heart broken to see how they can't come up with anything better.

Fritzane Kiki HK

It's these sorry statements from those ministers that shows how broken Cameroon is, that politicians cannot take advantage of this unique and sad moment in history and enact serious lobbying reforms to enhance better working conditions and work places for workers.They only follow elections year-in-year-out, without influencing any legislative change in the constitution.Any decision arrive at only comes by presidential decrees and appointments from Mvomeka.They owed it to the people who sent them to Yaounde to root out corruption.Maybe after the salary advances and elections,we shall see some degree of change.

In Cameroon corruption is viewed with dissatisfaction and majority believe corruption has been deeply rooted in the regime.They say corruption in Cameroon is authority plus monopoly minus transparency.The Biyas government will claim to have underscored an overwhelming success in paying for salary advances only at this time of elections fever, but the state of mind of the people will only be judge at the ballot boxes and the election turnout at polling stations.We are still skeptical of the elections aftermath for now.But no good news can come from a state-sponsored election, since the introduction of multi-party system in Cameroon.

Fritzane Kiki
Hong Kong

Tanyi

I have been reading these comment sections for quite some time now and I hate the comments I see here sometimes. This is no personal attack on any of the people who commented before me but everything is becoming trite and stupid. If people can get salary advances as an OPTION, then let them choose whether to take it or not. It's not like they're luring five year olds to sign death contracts; these are adult and mature people who know how they manage their money if at all they are sensible enough to have a job. Maybe none of you have ever known how hard it is when you need to go back to school but your father doesn't have enough money, but then two months into the term he has had more than enough. By that time you have failed a number of tests and lagged behind a couple of classes because the principal has been on your tail.
Then someone will say it is campaign propaganda. If these were presidential elections, then of course this will be a clear one. But in Cameroon, there is really no real-time relationship between Ministers and MPs or Mayors or Council members. Besides if Abah or Bonde give you your salary in advance, does that mean a cpdm MP or Mayor will come into power and give you extra money or what?
I do not, in any way,ask that you downplay the more-than-often justified criticisms you make against the Cameroon gov't, cpdm...; I'd be a gross hypocrite if I implied that. But do not just mix everything into a rumble and make comments that do not credibly connect. My grandmother's [politically incorrect] description of that kind of attitude was fighting like girls: they fight about one issue but in the course of it bring up all unconnected/irrelevant grudges they have ever had.

Fon

Tanyi,
"Then someone will say it is campaign propaganda. If these were presidential elections, then of course this will be a clear one. But in Cameroon, there is really no real-time relationship between Ministers and MPs or Mayors or Council members. Besides if Abah or Bonde give you your salary in advance, does that mean a cpdm MP or Mayor will come into power and give you extra money or what"

Tanyi, your level of thinking is far below average; the only difference between you and a five years old child is that you can read and write.

Do you mean to tell us that you don´t know the stake of losing parliamentary elections to the president and his ministers? What do you think will happen to the presidents and his ministers if the assembly is controled by the opposition?

"The privilege, which was suspended in 1993, was reinstated following recommendation by the Head of State, Paul Biya." Does this statement not tell you that those ministers are not acting on their own?

We all know where you belong, however, next time use more convincing ideas to persuade us to join your CPDM wagon rather than exposing your emptiness that parliamentary election have nothing to do with the president and his ministers; therefore the president/ministers need no campaign propaganda.

TabiSweden

The Cameroon political system unfortunately has been marred by pooverty though curruption should not be forgotten.

It is only pooverty that will force a citizen to vote in favour of a political party whose Chairman will always want to feed citizens only at times when elections are at hand. Note that decrees passed 1 or 2 months to an election even though in favour of the citizens are not always the best for citizens.

Cameroonians should open their eyes and vote for a sustainable government in terms of future economic stability.

Tanyi

Fon,
Apparently you are an extremely poor reader. And I'll forget you accused me of belonging to a party I know nothing of besides the fact that I'm not yet eligible to vote. I asked that people like you single out the issue brought up by the article, which is people having the option of receiving their salaries in advance. If you don't know, it will help a lot when school starts. I mentioned before and I say it again, that the gov't does horrible things it should be criticized for. Did I say anything to put forward a case for cpdm, or any related entity? I take it your kind never felt very very extreme financial hardship; I confidentially assume you now live somewhere abroad. You probably can't see things from the same point.
When you learn how to read, and learn how to think before you write, come forward with something reasonable.

casara

Fellows read this article to the end.It's very important.Print and keep for your archives.Your help whatsover is very important thanks.The article is long but worth reading.Print and read while at work or at a convinient time.

The FRESH FOCUS in the Struggle of the Peoples of the
Southern Cameroons for their Inherent and Inalienable
Right of Self-Determination and Independence.

(Culled from SCARM’s Address to the Dallas Conference)

1. A Wrong Perspective for the Struggle:
1.1 Today, CAM / SCARM, in her watchdog role to keep
the struggle on course, continues in her sacred
mission to inform and educate our long suffering
peoples about the complexities of their true status
and their rights as a people under the protection of
the Charter of the United Nations Organisation and
international law. Facts coming to light in the past
four years reveal that ALL Southern Cameroons
Liberation Movements, without exception, but with good
intentions, have over the years proven to be “totally
inexperienced and naïve and incapable of grappling
with the tremendous problems which face our peoples
and our Territory”. In other words, leadership in the
Southern Cameroons, with its complexities, and its
vulnerability, is still inexperienced, untrained and
naïve 48 years later and at the dawn of the third
millennium. It is indeed very unfortunate, and a
matter for deep regret, that in our eagerness to
liberate the peoples of the Southern Cameroons from
annexation, oppression and bondage by successive evil
regimes of la Republique du Cameroun and France, we
all overlooked the fact that the Southern Cameroons is
but a minority territory of the United Nations Trust
Territory of the Cameroons formerly under United
Kingdom Administration. We had been induced into that
blunder by the fact that the Southern Cameroons, after
separation from the Federation of Nigeria, had been an
autonomous full self-governing region with a Southern
Cameroons Constitution- Order-In- Council, a House of
Assembly and a House of Chiefs.

1.2 We also failed to grasp the implications of the
failure to implement UNO General Assembly Resolution
1608 (XV) of 21 April 1961on the Future of the
Territory in accordance with the principles and
purposes of the Charter of the United Nations
Organisation. That failure to implement that
Resolution meant that the Trust Territory of the
Cameroons formerly under United Kingdom
Administration, became a UNO Territory with effect
from 6 June 1961 (in the case of the Northern
Cameroons), and with effect from 1 October 1961 (in
the case of the Southern Cameroons). We all engaged
the struggle by a demand for a return to the
Con-federation our people had voted for in the
February 1961 plebiscite - a federation that never was
in international law. This colossal blunder might have
been excusable in 1959, given the calibre of leaders
we had at the time and who were regarded as being
“made up of almost totally inexperienced and naive
ex-primary school teachers with good intentions”
according to Mr. John K. Emmerson, American
Consul-General in Lagos in 1959. It is totally
unacceptable and inexcusable, indeed indefensible, in
the 1985s – 2003s with all the manpower resources and
expertise Southern Cameroons boasts of, that none of
our experts paid any attention to Article 102 of the
Charter of the United Nations Organisation. If we had
even looked at Article 102 of the Charter of the UN we
could not have engaged the struggle for the
restoration of our statehood from the false premise
that there had been a legal federation between the
Southern Cameroons and la Republigue du Cameroun in
international law in the first place. Just one look at
the Article and the message hits you right in the face
like a technical knockout blow. Yes, we indeed read
the United Nations Charter with eyes that could not
see and with minds that did not comprehend.

1.3 His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed but ONE
Trusteeship Agreement with the United Nations
Organisation on 14 December 1946 to administer her
part of German Kamerun in trust for the United
Nations. Consequently, the independence of the United
Nations Territory of the Southern Cameroons cannot be
separate from the independence of the United Nations
Territory of the Northern Cameroons. This is in
accordance with United Nations Resolution 224 (III) of
18 November 1948 on the Administrative Unions
Affecting Trust Territories and international law. The
conspiracy of the cold war allies to set aside this
Resolution and the Charter of the United Nations and
to annex the British Cameroons respectively to Nigeria
and to la Republique du Cameroun was specifically to
prevent this Territory, with its great potentialities,
its complexities and vulnerability, from falling into
the hands of Communist-inspired influences that could
become a danger of serious magnitude to the allies”.
See dispatch from Mr. John K. Emmerson, American
Consul-General, Lagos, Nigeria, dated 11 May, 1959, to
the US State Department.

1.4 The allies violated the Charter of the United
Nations and the Resolutions of the United Nations
General Assembly (UNGA) and their decision was illegal
then, and remains illegal today. Note should also be
taken of the fact that at the time of the so-called
re-unification, la Republique du Cameroun was engulfed
in a communist-backed insurrection by Union des
Populations du Cameroun (UPC) and One Kamerun (OK),
its ally, in the Southern Cameroons. The fear of
Communism was at the root of these violations and
manipulations.

2. SCARM accpets its fair share of this blunder which
effectively derailed our struggle for independence
because we engaged our struggle from the wrong
perspective. A wrong diagnosis of a disease
unevitadably results in the wrong prescription and of
course the wrong treatment and its attendant
consequencies to the patient. The same is true of any
problem: the wrong diagnosis of the cause of a problem
and we end up with the wrong solution to the problem
48 years down the road, and we still have not arrived
because we led our people down the wrong path. SCARM
offers it unreserved apologies to our grassroots for
this phenomenal blunder which was committed in good
faith and with good intentions; we were indeed blinded
by the fact of Southern Cameroons statehood. We did
indeed swallow the bait Britain and France had
meticulously prepared for us to mislead us into
believing that the Southern Cameroons could be
independent. They were quite certain that we would
never unravel the truth about the overall independence
of the Cameroons formerly under United Kingdom
Administration in the next one hundred years. They
were wrong.

3. THE FRESH FOCUS

3.1 During the Minnesota Conference of 26-28 September
2003, SCARM proposed a “FRESH THRUST” in the struggle
for the independence of the Southern Cameroons. SCARM
was guided in that proposal by new light that had just
then been revealed about certain assumptions, indeed
misconceptions, we had about the struggle for the past
24 years. All our liberation movements without
exception, beginning with the Ambazonia Movement of
Fon Gorji Dinka, through CAM/SCARM to the SCNC, SCYL
and now runner-up SCAPO, misconstrued the implications
of the non-implementation of Article 76.b. of the
United Nations Charter and of UN Resolution 1608 (XV)
of 21 April 1961 of the 994th Plenary Session of the
United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on the Future
of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Cameroons
Under United Kingdom Administration in international
law. We have indeed been talking the language of
Britain and its cold war allies instead of the
language of the United Nations and international law.

3.2 On 21 March 2003, in a letter (updated in October
2004) to the Secretary-General of the United Nations
Organisation, and supported by UNESCO, Professor
Martin CHIA ATEH, the Scientific Ambassador to Germany
and Africa in 1987, of the International Institute of
Philosophy (IIP), a scholar with an inside knowledge
of the workings of the United Nations system, in his
capacity as a concerned citizen and elite of the
Southern Cameroons, and prompted by the misleading
judgement of the International Court of Justice (ICJ)
of 10 October 2002 over the Southern Cameroons
Territory of the Bakassi Peninsula, revisited the
Southern Cameroons dossier and brought into very sharp
focus, for the very first time, the glaring fact that
the Non-Execution of UNO Resolution 1608 (XV) of 21
April 1961 on the Future of the Cameroons Under United
Kingdom Administration violated the purposes and
principles of the Charter of the United Nations
Organisation.

3.2.1 It violated specifically:
- Article 73: Declaration regarding
Non-Self-Governing Territories;
- Article 76.b on the basic objectives of the
Trusteeship System;
- Article 102 (1 & 2) in that No Treaty of the Union
between the then Government of the Southern Cameroons
and la Republique du Cameroun on the one hand, and
between the Northern Cameroons and the Federation of
Nigeria on the other, was ever worked out;
- UNGA Resolution 224 (III) of 18 November 1948 on the
Administrative Unions Affecting Trust Territories;
- UNGA Resolution 226 (III) of 18 November 1948 on
the Progressive Development of Trust Territories;
- UNGA Resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to
Colonial Countries and Peoples; and
- UNGA Resolution 1803 (XVII), 17 U.N. GAOR Supp.
(No.17) at 15, UN. Doc. A/5217 (1962) on Permanent
Sovereignty over Natural Resources.

3.2.2 UN Resolution 1608 (XV) of 21 April 1961
required that a “TREATY of UNION” between the
Governments of the Federation of Nigeria and of the
Northern Cameroons with the United Kingdom as
Administering Authority of the Northern Cameroons
Trust Territory be worked out before 6 June 1961; and
between the Governments of la Republique du Cameroun
and of the Southern Cameroons with the United Kingdom
as Administering Authority of the Southern Cameroons
Trust Territory before 1st October 1961. The TREATIES
were to protect the interests of both the Northern
Cameroons and the Federation of Nigeria on the one
hand, and the Southern Cameroons and la Republique du
Cameroun on the other.

3.2.3 The worked out TREATY would have been ratified
by the Northern Cameroons Territorial Assembly and the
Parliament of the Federation of Nigeria on the one
hand, and by the Southern Cameroons House of Assembly
and of Chiefs and the Parliament of la Republique du
Cameroun on the other.

3.2.4 The TREATIES should have been registered and
copies deposited at the Secretariat of the
Secretary-General of the United Nations Organisation
in application of Article 102 (1) of the Charter of
the United Nations.

3.2.4.1 Article 102 (1) reads:
.“Every Treaty and every international agreement
entered into by any member of the United Nations after
the present Charter comes into force shall as soon as
possible be registered with the Secretariat and
published by it”.

3.2.4.2 Article 102 (2) reads:
“No party to any such Treaty or International
Agreement which has not been registered in accordance
with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article may
invoke that treaty or agreement before any organ of
the United Nations”.

In light of this, and in the absence of a Treaty of
Union between the Southern Cameroons and la Republique
du Cameroun, la Republique du Cameroun had no locus
standi in taking the Federation of Nigeria to the
International Court of Justice (ICJ) over the Southern
Cameroons Territory of the Bakassi Peninsula.
Consequently, the ruling of the ICJ over the Bakassi
Conflict on 10 October 2002 was misleading and null
and void ab initio in international law.

4. The UNO Territory:
4.1 The Non-Execution of UN Resolution 1608 (XV)
paragraphs 4.a. and 5 of 21 April 1961, on the Future
of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Cameroons
under United Kingdom Administration – for a “Treaty of
Union” to be worked out between the Governments of the
Northern Cameroons and the Federation of Nigeria on
the one hand, and the Governments of the Southern
Cameroons and la Republique du Cameroun on the other,
in the presence of the then Administering Authority of
the Trust Territory, the United Kingdom - meant
strictly speaking in International Law, that the
United Nations Trust Territory of the Cameroons
formerly under United Kingdom Administration became
and remains a United Nations Territory from 6 June
1961 (in the case of the Northern Cameroons), and from
1 October 1961 (in the case of the Southern
Cameroons). Consequently, the United Nations
Organisation should have been, indeed should be,
administering the Territory.

5. The Way Forward:
5.1 In light of these incontrovertible revelations by
Professor Martin CHIA ATEH, SCARM, the watchdog of the
struggle, takes its responsibilities squarely into its
hands and:
- Calls on the SCARM collective at home and in
diaspora to broaden their outreach
and work for the total independence of the UN
Territory of the Cameroons formerly
under United Kingdom Administration;
- Calls on the SCARM collective at home and in
diaspora to support Professor Martin
CHIA ATEH in this fresh focus in the struggle
for the independence of the
Cameroon Territory of the UN in accordance
with the purposes and principles of the
Charter of the United Nations.
- Encourages SCARM activists at home to participate in
the regular Workshops on
the principles and purposes of the Charter of
the UN organised by Professor Martin
CHIA ATEH with delegations from the Northern
Cameroons UN Territory aimed at
informing and educating the grassroots on the UN
system and the purposes and
principles of the Charter of the United Nations
Organisation.
- Calls on the Coalition of Liberation Movements
of the Southern Cameroons to
accept the shameful fact that for the past 25
years we misled and misinformed the
grassroots, “with good intentions”, about the
real focus of the struggle because we
failed to study the UN Charter as we should
have: we read the UN Charter with eyes
that could not see, and with minds that did
not comprehend; as a result we have
been chasing the wrong shadow in our
liberation struggle;
- Calls on the Coalition of Liberation Movements
of the Southern Cameroons to
embrace, encourage and support the “Fresh
Thrust” of Professor Martin CHIA
ATEH by participating in the regular Workshops
organised by him with delegations
from the UN Northern Cameroons Territory with
the knowledge of the Secretary-
General of the United Nations Organisation, and
so learn about the workings of the
UN system, the purposes and principles of the
UN Charter including Human Rights,
Good Governance, and World Peace.
- Calls on the Dallas Conference to adopt this fresh
focus and re-direct our liberation efforts and
strategies towards the total independence of the UNO
Territory of the Cameroons formerly under United
Kingdom Administration (86,214 sq. km).
- Draws the attention of Southern Cameroons
Liberation Movements to the following dispatch from
Mr. John K. Emmerson, American Consul-General, Lagos,
dated 11 May, 1959, to the US State Department which
reads:

“The Southern Cameroons is a frontier, exposed ... to
communist-inspired influences, which can become a
danger of serious magnitude. This reason, not to speak
of its great potentialities, makes the Southern
Cameroons an area of serious concern to the United
States. ... The present government in the Southern
Cameroons, made up of almost totally inexperienced and
naive ex-primary school teachers with good intentions,
is incapable of grappling with the tremendous problems
which face it. ... Leadership in the Southern
Cameroons is inexperienced, untrained and naive. ...
The logical conclusion would seem to be that the
Southern Cameroons, with its remoteness from Lagos,
its complexities, and its vulnerability, deserves
increased attention on the part of the United States”;
and so
- Challenges the present purported leadership of the
Southern Cameroons to show proof that they are
not inexperienced, untrained and naïve like their
peers of 1959; that they are indeed capable of
grappling with the tremendous problems which the
Territory faces.

6. An Appeal to the other Liberation Movements:
6.1 We cannot allow ourselves to be consumed by our
petty differences any more. We must be united in our
common effort and our common interests. We have to
fight for our freedom, not only from tyranny,
oppression, persecution and exploitation but from
annihilation by la Republique du Cameroun and France.
We are fighting for our right to live, to survive, to
exist. And even though threatened by state terrorism,
we are “taking the risk of freedom, asking to be given
a place in the social, political and economic life of
our country that is commensurate with our dignity as
free human beings. In so doing we must learn not to be
afraid, we must rediscover a spirit of hope and a
spirit of trust which are the premise of responsible
activity and are nurtured in that inner sanctuary of
conscience when man is alone with God and thus
perceives that he is not alone amidst the trials and
tribulations of our time, for he is surrounded by the
love of the Creator” (Pope John Paul II). We have to
declare in one voice that we will not go quietly away
into the night; we will not vanish without a fight. We
are going to live on; we are going to survive. The
Cameroon Territory shall be born again! And it shall
exist!

6.2 Professor Martin CHIA ATEH has introduced the
debate on the plight of our peoples of the UN
Territory of the Cameroons formerly under United
Kingdom Administration into the United Nations system
and the United Nations Organisation is making the
necessary adjustments to accommodate our demands.
These adjustments will take time; they cannot be
rushed or hurried; they are also irreversible. What is
required of us is a proper understanding of the UN
system, of how to run a state, patience, and a sense
of working together for a common purpose. Talking at
cross purposes, the way the liberation movements are
doing now, only dissipates both are energies and
scarce resources, and ridicules us in the eyes of the
international community who see us as a bunch of
inexperienced, untrained, naïve and bungling leaders
who do not even know their country let alone what they
really want for their people.

This is where the REPUBLIC OF AMBAZONIA of Fon Gorji
Dinka, the FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE SOUTHERN
CAMEROONS of Chief Justice Frederick Alobwede Ebong
and the other Southern Cameroons National Council
(SCNC) factions, the BRISCAM PROVISIONAL
ADMINISTRATION of SCNC-NA, the INTERIM GOVERNMENT of
the SOUTHERN CAMEROONS YOUTH LEAGUE (SCYL), and the
Southern Cameroons People’s Organisation ( SCAPO’s)
REPUBLIC OF AMBAZANIA of Dr. Kevin Ngwang Gumne all
find themselves. We have all along been talking the
language of the cold war allies and the colonisers,
and not the language of the United Nations and
international law.

6.3 SCARM did, in October 2003, try to build a
Coalition of our Liberation Movements around this
‘fresh thrust’ in the struggle by initiating a coming
together of representatives of our various liberation
movements and their factions co-ordinated by Professor
Martin CHIA ATEH at the first workshop in Pa Luma’s
Residence in Tiko. All the liberation movements and
their factions answered present for the first two
workshops. It was on the basis of this coalition that
the delegation to the Unrepresented Nations and
Peoples Organisation (UNPO) Steering Committee Meeting
at The Hague was planned in December 2004 until the
Ayamba/Nfor Ngala Nfor SCNC faction hijacked it in
characteristic style. They refused to participate in
further workshops accusing Professor CHIA ATEH of
trying to hijack the SCNC. Professor CHIA ATEH then
turned to NGO’s and continued and expanded the
workshops to include our compatriots from the Northern
Cameroons whose dynamism has made a difference
literally bulldozing their way from the Northern
Cameroons, informing and educating both Nigerian and
la Republique du Cameroun security and administrative
officials, as they regularly make their way to the
seven workshops they have so far attended in Bamenda.

6.4 At one of the Workshops at the Presbyterian Youth
Center in Bamenda on Tuesday, 24 October 2006, which
was UNITED NATIONS DAY, the birthday of the United
Nations dedicated to Peace and Security, the 29
persons strong Northern Cameroons delegation (mostly
peasant farmers), including four women, was detained
by the gendarmes in Kumbo as they drove down through
Ngembu with valid immigration and customs documents.
The delegation had refused to offer any bribes and so
they were detained. Professor Martin CHIA ATEH
immediately informed the UN who intervened and they
were released; but not before they had taught the
gendarmes, the SDO, the Governor, the Legion Commander
and the Procureur de la Republique some hard lessons
about UNO General Assembly Resolution 1608 (XV) of 21
April 1961.

6.5 What this means is that this largely peasant
delegation from the Northern Cameroons UNO Territory
has been educating both Nigerian and la Republique du
Cameroun authorities about UNO Resolution 1608 (XV) of
21 April 1961, the significance of its non-execution,
and their rights under the Charter of the UNO and in
international law. These officials learned about
Resolution 1608 (XV) for the first time, and were
dump-founded; and that from farmers who have
effectively also launched the debate in both Nigeria
and la Republique du Cameroun.

7. On Saturday, 10 February 2007, on the eve of
another workshop billed for Sunday,
11 February 2007, another delegation from the Northern
Cameroons en route to the workshop in Bamenda were
again stopped in Kumbo. Professor Martin CHIA ATEH was
invited by the Legion Commander in Bamenda supposedly
to discuss the detention, and was himself detained on
curious charges of ‘false propaganda’ and ‘being an
SCNC suspect’ – charges which the illegal
administration have not been able to substantiate in
their own court. The Northern Cameroons delegation was
released after 15 days and taken by the gendarmes to
the border with the Northern Cameroons. Professor
Martin CHIA ATEH was expected to be released on bail
but he is still languishing in the Bamenda prisons
awaiting trial. Reports about the illegal detentions
have been filed with the UN Secretary-General in New
York, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal
Court (ICC) and the President of the International
Court of Justice (ICJ) both at The Hague, and the
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights in
Geneva.

8. On the subject of Southern Cameroons Sovereignty,
the UN Under-Secretary for Political Affairs, on 12
February 2007, had this to say in reply to Ambassador
Fossung’s correspondence:

“I write to acknowledge your previous correspondence
on the above subject and to inform you that, as you
rightly know, the issues they raised are sensitive and
they require a great deal of careful, full and fair
evaluation and consideration. Please be assured that
this is being done at the moment…. I will encourage
you to continue to use your good offices as Chairman
of the SCNC to continue to pursue the dialogue and
non-violent approach to addressing all outstanding
issues. We all engage in the search for a peaceful and
just resolution of this important matter”

DR. Arnold Boh YONGBANG, FWACS, FRCOG,
Emmanuel VISHA FAI
SCARM Acting Chair and
SCARM Secretary-General

REFERENCES:

A. Article 73: Declaration Regarding
Non-Self-Governing Territories:
“Members of the United Nations which have or assume
responsibilities for the administration of territories
whose peoples have not yet attained a full measure of
self-government recognize the principle that the
interests of the inhabitants of these territories are
paramount, and accept as a sacred trust the obligation
to promote to the utmost, within the system of
international peace and security established by the
present Charter, the well-being of the inhabitants of
these territories, and, to this end:

a) to ensure, with due respect for the culture of the
peoples concerned, their political, economic, social,
and educational advancement, their just treatment, and
their protection against abuses;

b) to develop self-government, to take due account of
the political aspirations of the peoples, and to
assist them in the progressive development of their
free political institutions, according to the
particular circumstances of each territory and its
peoples and their varying stages of advancement”.

B. Article 76.b. of the Charter of the UN:

“The basic objectives of the trusteeship system, in
accordance with the purposes of the United Nations
laid down in Article 1 of the present Charter, shall
be: to promote the political, economic, social, and
educational advancement of the inhabitants of the
trust territories, and their progressive development
towards self-government or independence as may be
appropriate to the particular circumstances of each
territory and its peoples and the freely expressed
wishes of the peoples concerned, and as may be
provided by the terms of each trusteeship agreement”.

C. UN Resolution 224 (III) of 18 November 1948 on the
Administrative Unions Affecting Trust Territories;

The General Assembly,

Mindful that one of the basic objectives of the
Trusteeship System is to promote the political,
economic, social and educational advancement of the
Trust Territories, and their progressive development
towards self-government or independence,

Noting that the Trusteeship Agreements for some of
these Territories authorize the Administering
Authority concerned to constitute the Territory into a
customs, fiscal or administrative union or federation
with adjacent territories under its sovereignty or
control and to establish common services between the
Trust Territory and such adjacent territories, where
such measures are not inconsistent with the basic
objectives of the Trusteeship System and with the
terms of the Trusteeship Agreement,

Recognizing that, in certain circumstances, such
unions may be in the interests of the inhabitants of
the Territory concerned,

Recalling that the General Assembly approved these
Agreements upon the assurance of the Administering
Powers that they do not consider the terms of the
relevant articles in the Trusteeship Agreements as
giving powers to the Administering Authority to
establish any form of political association between
the Trust Territories respectively administered by
them and adjacent territories which would involve
annexation of the Trust Territories in any sense or
would have the effect of extinguishing their status as
Trust Territories,

Having considered the observations of the
Trusteeship Council, contained in the report covering
its second and third sessions (A/603), on the existing
or proposed administrative unions between certain
Trust Territories and the adjacent territories under
the sovereignty or control of the Administering
Authority,

Notes the observations of the Trusteeship Council
on such administrative unions; and in particular;

Endorses the observation of the Trusteeship Council
that an administrative union “must remain strictly
administrative in its nature and its scope, and that
its operation must not have the effect of creating any
conditions which will obstruct the separate
development of the Trust Territory, in the fields of
political, economic, social and educational
advancement, as a distinct entity”;

Recommends accordingly that the Trusteeship Council
should:

(a) Investigate these questions in all their aspects
with special reference to such unions already
constituted or proposed and in the light of the terms
of the Trusteeship Agreements and the assurances given
by the Administrative Authorities in this connexion;

(b) In the light of this investigation, recommend such
safeguards as the Council may deem necessary to
preserve the distinct political status of the Trust
Territories and to enable the Council effectively to
exercise supervisory functions over such Territories;

(c) Request, whenever appropriate, an advisory opinion
of the International Court of Justice as to whether
such unions are within the scope of and compatible
with, the stipulations of the Charter and the terms of
the Trusteeship Agreements as approved by the General
Assembly;

(d) Invite the Administering Authorities to make
available to the Council such information relating to
administrative unions as will facilitate the
investigation by the Council referred to above;

(e) Report specifically to the next regular session of
the General Assembly on the results of the Council’s
investigations and the action taken by it.

Hundred and sixtieth plenary meeting,
18 November 1948.

D. UN Resolution 226 (III) of 18 November 1948 on the
Progressive Development of Trust Territories;

The General Assembly,

Recalling that the Trusteeship System is aimed at
the progressive development of Trust Territories
toward self-government or independence,

Considering that this development should be
achieved at the earliest possible date and that the
Trust Territories should attain self-government or
independence as soon as possible,
Noting the efforts of the Administering Authority
already made in this direction,

Recalling that Article 77 of the Charter
contemplates the application of the Trusteeship
System, in accordance with the terms of that Article,
to the three types of territories enumerated therein,

Reaffirms that the supervisory authority over Trust
Territories rests with the United Nations;

Recommends that the Administering Authority:

(a) Take all measures to improve and promote the
political, economic, social and educational
advancement of the inhabitants of Trust Territories;

(b) Take all possible steps to accelerate the
progressive development towards self-government or
independence of the Trust Territories they administer.

Hundred and sixtieth plenary meeting,
18 November 1948.

E. UN Resolution 1514 (XV) of14 December 1960 on the
Declaration on the Granting of Independence to
Colonial Countries and Peoples.

The General Assembly,

Mindful of the determination proclaimed by the
people of the world in the Charter of the United
Nations to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights,
in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the
equal rights of men and women and of nations large and
small and to promote social progress and better
standards of life in larger freedom,

Conscious of the need for the creation of
conditions of stability and well-being
and peaceful and friendly relations based on the
principles of equal rights and self-determination of
all peoples, and of universal respect for, and
observance of, human rights and fundamental freedoms
for all without distinction as to race, sex, language
or religion,

Recognising the passionate yearning for freedom in
all dependent peoples and the decisive role of such
peoples in the attainment of their independence,

Aware of the increasing conflicts resulting from
the denial of or impediments in the way of the freedom
of such peoples, which constitute a serious threat to
world peace,
Considering the important role of the United
Nations in assisting the movement for independence in
Trust and Non-Self-governing Territories,
Recognising that the peoples of the world ardently
desire the end of colonialism in all its
manifestations,

Convinced that the continued existence of
colonialism prevents the development of international
economic co-operation, impedes the social, cultural
and economic development of dependent peoples and
militates against the United Nations ideal of
universal peace,

Affirming that peoples may, for their own ends,
freely dispose of their natural wealth and resources
without prejudice to any obligations arising out of
international economic co-operation, based upon the
principle of mutual benefit, and international law,

Believing that the process of liberation is
irresistible and irreversible and that, in order to
avoid serious crises, an end must be put to
colonialism and all practices of segregation and
discrimination associated therewith,

Welcoming the emergence in recent years of a large
number of dependent territories into freedom and
independence, and recognizing the increasingly
powerful trends towards freedom in such territories
which have not yet attained independence,

Convinced that all peoples have an inalienable
right to complete freedom, the exercise of their
sovereignty and the integrity of their national
territory,

Solemnly proclaims the necessity of bringing to a
speedy and unconditional end colonialism in all its
forms and manifestations;

And to this end

Declares that:

1. The subjection of peoples to alien subjugation,
domination and exploitation constitutes a denial of
fundamental human rights, is contrary to the Charter
of the United Nations and is an impediment to the
promotion of world Peace and co-operation.

2. All peoples have the right to self-determination;
by virtue of that rightthey freely determine their
political status and freely pursue their
economic,social and cultural development .

3. Inadequacy of political, economic, social or
educational preparedness should never serve as a
pretext for delaying independence.

4. All armed action or repressive measures of all
kinds directed against dependent peoples shall cease
in order to enable them to exercise peacefully
and freely their right to complete independence, and
the integrity of their national territory shall be
respected.

5. Immediate steps shall be taken, in Trust
and Non-Self-Governing Territories or all other
territories which have not yet attained independence,
to transfer all powers to the peoples of those
territories, without any conditions or reservations,
in accordance with their freely expressed will and
desire, without any distinction as to race, creed or
colour, in order to enable them to enjoy
complete independence and freedom.

6. Any attempt aimed at the partial or total
disruption of the national unity and the territorial
integrity of a country is incompatible with the
purposes and principles of the Charter of the United
nations.

7. All States shall observe faithfully and
strictly the provisions of the Charter of the United
Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and
the present Declaration on the basis of equality,
non-interference in the internal affairs of all
States, and respect fore the sovereign rights of all
peoples and their territorial integrity.
947th plenary meeting,
14 December 1960.

F. Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources, G.A.
res. 1803 (XVII), 17 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No.17) at 15,
U.N. Doc. A/5217 (1962).

The General Assembly,

Recalling its resolutions 523 (VI) of 12 January 1952
and 626 (VII) of 21 December 1952,

Bearing in mind its resolution 1314(XIII) of 12
December 1958, by which it established the Commission
on Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources and
instructed it to conduct a full survey of the status
of permanent sovereignty over natural wealth and
resources as a basic constituent of the right to
self-determination, with recommendations, where
necessary, for its strengthening, and decided further
that, in the conduct of the full survey of the status
of the permanent sovereignty of peoples and nations
over their natural wealth and resources, due regard
should be paid to the rights and duties of States
under international law and to the importance of
encouraging international co-operation in the economic
development of developing countries,
Bearing in mind its resolution I S I 5 (XV) of 15
December 1960, in which it recommended that the
sovereign right of every State to dispose of its
wealth and its natural resources should be respected,

Considering that any measure in this respect must be
based on the recognition of the inalienable right of
all States freely to dispose of their natural wealth
and resources in accordance with their national
interests, and on respect for the economic
independence of States,

Considering that nothing in paragraph 4 below in any
way prejudices the position of any Member State on any
aspect of the question of the rights and
obligations of successor States and Governments in
respect of property acquired before the accession to
complete sovereignty of countries formerly under
colonial rule,

Noting that the subject of succession of States and
Governments is being examined as a matter of priority
by the International Law Commission,

Considering that it is desirable to promote
international co-operation for the economic
development of developing countries, and that economic
and financial agreements between the developed and the
developing countries must be based on the principles
of equality and of the right of peoples and nations to
self-determination,

Considering that the provision of economic and
technical assistance, loans and increased foreign
investment must not be subject to conditions which
conflict with the interests of the recipient State,

Considering the benefits to be derived from exchanges
of technical and scientific information likely to
promote the development and use of such resources and
wealth, and the important part which the United
Nations and other international organizations are
called upon to play in that connection,

Attaching particular importance to the question of
promoting the economic development of developing
countries and securing their economic independence,

Noting that the creation and strengthening of the
inalienable sovereignty of States over their natural
wealth and resources reinforces their economic
independence,

Desiring that there should be further consideration by
the United Nations of the subject of permanent
sovereignty over natural resources in the spirit of
international co-operation in the field of economic
development, particularly that of the developing
countries,

Declares that:

i. The right of peoples and nations to permanent
sovereignty over their natural wealth and resources
must be exercised in the interest of their national
development and of the well-being of the people of the
State concerned.

ii. The exploration, development and disposition of
such resources, as well as the import of the foreign
capital required for these purposes, should be
in conformity with the rules and conditions which the
peoples and nations freely consider to be necessary or
desirable with regard to the authorization,
restriction or prohibition of such activities.

iii. In cases where authorization is granted, the
capital imported and the earnings on that capital
shall be governed by the terms thereof, by the
national legislation in force, and by international
law. The profits derived must be shared in the
proportions freely agreed upon, in each case, between
the investors and the recipient State, due care being
taken to ensure that there is no impairment, for any
reason, of that State's sovereignty over its natural
wealth and resources.

iv. Nationalization, expropriation or requisitioning
shall be based on grounds or reasons of public
utility, security or the national interest which are
recognized as overriding purely individual or private
interests, both domestic and foreign. In such cases
the owner shall be paid appropriate compensation, in
accordance with the rules in force in the State taking
such measures in the exercise of its sovereignty and
in accordance with international law. In any case
where the question of compensation gives rise to a
controversy, the national jurisdiction of the State
taking such measures shall be exhausted. However, upon
agreement by sovereign States and other parties
concerned, settlement of the dispute should be made
through arbitration or international adjudication.

v. The free and beneficial exercise of the sovereignty
of peoples and nations over their natural resources
must be furthered by the mutual respect of States
based on their sovereign equality.

vi. International co-operation for the economic
development of developing countries, whether in the
form of public or private capital investments,
exchange of goods and services, technical assistance,
or exchange of scientific information, shall be such
as to further their independent national development
and shall be based upon respect for their sovereignty
over their natural wealth and resources.

vii. Violation of the rights of peoples and nations to
sovereignty over their natural wealth and resources is
contrary to the spirit and principles of the Charter
of the United Nations and hinders the development of
international co-operation and the maintenance of
peace.

viii. Foreign investment agreements freely entered
into by or between sovereign States shall be observed
in good faith; States and international organizations
shall strictly and conscientiously respect the
sovereignty of peoples and nations over their natural
wealth and resources in accordance with the Charter
and the principles set forth in the present
resolution.

G. TRUSTEESHIP AGREEMENT FOR THE TERRITORY OF THE
CAMEROONS UNDER BRITISH ADMINISTRATION
13 December 1946
(Culled from the Yearbook of the United Nations, p.
190 – 193 )

WHEREAS the territory known as the Cameroons
under British Mandate and hereinafter referred to as
the Territory has been administered in accordance with
Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations
under a Mandate conferred on His Britannic Majesty;
and
WHEREAS Article 75 of the United Nations Charter,
signed at San Francisco on 26 June 1945, provides for
the establishment of an international trusteeship
system for the administration and supervision of such
territories as may be placed thereunder by subsequent
individual agreements; and
WHEREAS under Article 77 of the said Charter the
international trusteeship system may be applied to
territories now held under Mandate; and
WHEREAS His Majesty has indicated his desire to
place the Territory under the said international
trusteeship system; and
WHEREAS in accordance with Article 75 and 77 of
the said Charter, the placing of a territory under the
international trusteeship system is to be effected by
means of a Trusteeship Agreement;
Now THEREFORE, the General Assembly of the United
Nations hereby resolves to approve the following terms
of trusteeship for the Territory.

Article 1
The Territory to which this Agreement applies
comprises that part of the Cameroons lying to the west
of the boundary defined by the Franco-British
Declaration of 10 July 1919, and more exactly defined
in the Declaration made by the Governor of the Colony
and Protectorate of Nigeria and the Governor of the
Cameroons under French Mandate which was confirmed by
the exchange of Notes between His Majesty’s Government
in the United Kingdom and the French Government of 9
January 1931. This line may, however, be slightly
modified by mutual agreement between His Majesty’s
Government in the United Kingdom and the Government of
the French Republic where an examination of the
localities shows that it is desirable in the interests
of the inhabitants.

Article 2
His Majesty is hereby designated as Administering
Authority for the Territory, the responsibility for
the administration of which will be undertaken by His
Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland.

Article 3
The Administering Authority undertakes to
administer the Territory in such a manner as to
achieve the basic objectives of the international
trusteeship system laid down in Article 76 of the
United Nations Charter. The Administering Authority
further undertakes to collaborate fully with the
General Assembly of the United Nations and the
Trusteeship Council in the discharge of all their
functions as defined in Article 87 of the United
Nations Charter, and to facilitate any periodic visits
to the territory which they may deem necessary, at
times to be agreed upon with the Administering
Authority.

Article 4
The Administering Authority shall be responsible
(a) for the peace, order, good government and defence
of the Territory and (b) for ensuring that it shall
play its part in the maintenance of international
peace and security.

Article 5
For the above-mentioned purposes and for all
purposes of this Agreement, as may be necessary, the
Administering Authority:
(a) shall have full powers of legislation,
administration and jurisdiction in the Territory and
shall administer it in accordance with its own laws as
an integral part of his territory with such
modification as may be required by local conditions
and subject to the provisions of the United Nations
Charter and this Agreement;
(b) shall be entitled to constitute the Territory into
a customs, fiscal or administrative union or
federation with adjacent territories under his
sovereignty or control, and to establish common
services between such territories and the Territory
where such measures are not inconsistent with the
basic objectives of the international trusteeship
system and with the terms of this Agreement;
(c) and shall be entitled to establish naval, military
and air bases, to erect fortifications, to station and
employ his own forces in the Territory and to take all
such other measures as are in his opinion necessary
for the defence of the Territory and for ensuring that
it plays its part in the maintenance of international
peace and security. To this end the Administering
Authority may make use of volunteer forces, facilities
and assistance from the Territory in carrying out the
obligations towards the Security Council undertaken in
this regard by the Administering Authority, as well as
for local defence and the maintenance of law and order
within the Territory.

Article 6
The Administering Authority shall promote the
development of free political institutions suited to
the Territory. To this end the Administering Authority
shall assure to the inhabitants of the Territory a
progressively increasing share in the administrative
and other services of the Territory; shall develop the
participation of the inhabitants of the Territory in
advisory and legislative bodies and in the government
of the Territory, both central and local, as may be
appropriate to the particular circumstances of the
Territory and its peoples; and shall take all other
appropriate measures with a view to the political
advancement of the inhabitants of the Territory in
accordance with Article 76 (b) of the United Nations
Charter. In considering the measures to be taken under
this Article the Administering Authority shall, in the
interest of the inhabitants, have special regard to
the provisions Article 5 (a) of this Agreement.

Article 7
The Administering Authority undertakes to apply
in the Territory the provisions of any international
conventions and recommendations already existing or
hereafter drawn up by the United Nations or by the
specialized agencies referred to in Article 57 of the
Charter, which may be appropriate to the particular
circumstances of the Territory and which would conduce
to the achievement of the basic objectives of the
international trusteeship system.

Article 8
In framing laws relating to the holding or
transfer of land and natural resources, the
Administering Authority shall take into consideration
native laws and customs, and shall respect the rights
and safeguard the interests, both present and future,
of the native population. No native land or natural
resources may be transferred except between natives,
save with the previous consent of the competent
public authority. No real rights over native land or
natural resources in favour of non-natives, may be
created except with the same consent.

Article 9
Subject to the provisions of Article 10 of this
Agreement, the Administering Authority shall take all
necessary steps to ensure equal treatment in social,
economic, industrial and commercial matters for all
Members of the United Nations and their nationals and
to this end:
(a) shall ensure the same rights to all nationals of
Members of the United Nations as to his own nationals
in respect of entry into and residence in the
Territory, freedom of transit and navigation,
including freedom of transit and navigation by air,
acquisition of property both movable and immovable,
the protection of persons and property, and the
exercise of professions and trade;
(b) shall not discriminate on grounds of nationality
against nationals of any Member of the United Nations
in matters relating to the grant of concessions having
the character of a general monopoly;
(c) shall ensure equal treatment in the administration
of justice to the nationals of all Members of the
United Nations.

The rights conferred in this Article on nationals of
Members of the United Nations apply equally to
companies and associations controlled by such
nationals and organized in accordance with the law of
any Member of the United Nations.

Article 10
Measures taken to give effect to Article 9 of
this Agreement shall be subject always to the
overriding duty of the Administering Authority in
accordance with Article 76 of the United Nations
Charter to promote the political, economic, social and
educational advancement of the inhabitants of the
Territory, to carry out the other basic objectives of
the international trusteeship system, and the
maintenance of peace, order and good government. The
Administrative Authority shall in particular be free:
(a) to organize essential public services and works on
such terms and conditions as he thinks just;
(b) to create monopolies of a purely fiscal character
in order to provide the territory with the fiscal
resources which seem best suited to the local
requirements, or otherwise to serve the interests of
the inhabitants of the Territory;
(c) where the interests of the economic advancement
of the inhabitants of the Territory may require it,
to establish or permit to be established, for specific
purposes, other monopolies or undertakings having in
them an element of monopoly, under conditions of
proper public control; provided that, in he selection
of agencies to carry out the purposes of this
paragraph, other than agencies controlled by the
Government or those in which the Government
participates, the Administering Authority shall not
discriminate on grounds of nationality against Members
of the United Nations or their nationals.

Article 11
Nothing in this Agreement shall entitle any
Member of the United Nations to claim for itself or
for its nationals, companies and associations, the
benefits of Article 9 of this Agreement in any
respect in which it does not give to the inhabitants,
companies and associations of the Territory equality
of treatment with the nationals, companies and
associations of the State which it treats most
favourably.

Article 12
The Administering Authority shall, as may be
appropriate to the circumstances of the Territory
continue and extend a general system of elementary
education designed to abolish illiteracy and
facilitate the vocational and cultural advancement of
the population, child and adult, and shall similarly
provide such facilities as may prove desirable and
practicable in the interests of the inhabitants for
qualified students to receive secondary and higher
education, including professional training.

Article 13
The Administering Authority shall ensure in the
Territory complete freedom of conscience and, so far
as is consistent with the requirements of public order
and morality, freedom of religious teaching and the
free exercise of all forms of worship. Subject to the
provisions of Article 8 of this Agreement and the
local law, Missionaries who are nationals of Members
of the United Nations shall be free to enter the
Territory and to travel and reside therein, to acquire
and possess property, to erect religious buildings and
to open schools and hospitals in the Territory. The
provisions of this Article shall not, however, affect
the right and duty of the Administering Authority to
exercise such control as he may consider necessary
for the maintenance of peace, order and good
government and for the educational advancement of the
inhabitants of the Territory, and to take all
measures required for such control.

Article 14
Subject only to the requirements of public order,
the Administering Authority shall guarantee to the
inhabitants of the Territory freedom of speech, of
the press, of assembly, and of petition.

Article 15
The Administering Authority may arrange for the
co-operation of the Territory in any regional advisory
commission, regional technical organization, or other
voluntary association of states, any specialized
international bodies, public or private, or other
forms of international activity not inconsistent with
the United Nations Charter.

Article 16
The Administering Authority shall make to the
General Assembly of the United Nations an annual
report, on the basis of a questionnaire drawn up by
the Trusteeship Council in accordance with Article 88
of the United Nations Charter. Such reports shall
include information concerning the measures taken to
give effect to suggestions and recommendations of the
General Assembly and the Trusteeship Council. The
Administering Authority shall designate an accredited
representative to be present at the sessions of the
Trusteeship Council at which the reports of the
Administering Authority with regard to the Territory
are considered.

Article 17
Nothing in this Agreement shall affect the right
of the Administering Authority to propose, at any
future date, the amendment of this Agreement for the
purpose of designating the whole or part of the
Territory as a strategic area or for any other purpose
not inconsistent with the basic objectives of the
international trusteeship system.

Article 18
The terms of this Agreement shall not be altered
or amended except as provided in Article 79 and
Article 83 or 85, as the case may be, of the United
Nations Charter.

Article 19
If any dispute whatever should arise between the
Administering Authority and another Member of the
United Nations relating to the interpretation or
application of the provisions of this Agreement, such
dispute, if it cannot be settled by negotiation or
other means, shall be submitted to the International
Court of Justice provided for in Chapter XIV of the
United Nations Charter.

Article 4.b. of the Constitutive Act of the African
Union on “the respect of borders existing on
achievement of independence” .

La Republique du Cameroun achieved independence on 1
January 1960 (without the British Southern Cameroons);
Nigeria achieved independence on 1 October 1960
(without the British Northern Cameroons).

Fon

Young man,Tanyi
If you are not CPDM, your contribution could imply that you are one. However, from your age as you have mentioned, you thinking is ok with your age.
Why did you not defend your initial stance that the "action" is not campaign propaganda since the president/ ministers have no interest in parliamentary election.

From the statement, "But in Cameroon, there is really no real-time relationship between Ministers and MPs or Mayors or Council members.", I took you for a child and you have proven me right by declaring that you have not yet reached voting age.

AS a child, your argument on advance salaries may sounds Ok because you do not yet know the implications of of what you consider a good gesture.

If I were you, I will observe more here than to attack on issues that you still have very limited knowledge of.

Danny Boy

Casara, I doubt whether many will read your posting in its entirety. Rest assured that many will accurse you for this glimpse into what I believe is historically true. I have always argued along the same lines to the displeasure of historical revisionists. I will join any liberation struggle for this territory, so long as, we understand the facts and come up with well defined strategies to move our fight forwards.would not want to offend anybody. I rest.

Tombele

This is electioneering. Why is this money coming out now??? This smells like Kumba-Mutegene hiway, affter the elections have been rigged then nothing will happen. "Ont n'a pas encore le texte" Sounds familiar. The Minister of Finance should continue this fight against ghost workers and corruption in the whole public and private sector. The money recoverd to be paid back into public coffers, then invested the profit will increase salaries and help build badly needed infrastructure as roads, airports, schools, communications, electricity etc. This should be a daily fight to recover these monies from embezzlers, those who are being tried now and the thousands to come.

wrong diagnosis claim

wrong diagnosis can take you near to the death . so when you find your self in wrong diagnosis go ahead for claim

The comments to this entry are closed.

Google




AddThis Social Bookmark Button
Mobilise this Blog
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported